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Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
ISBN: 9781337091985

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
ISBN: 9781337091985
Textbook Problem

Suppose a wave of negative “animal spirits” overruns the economy, and people become pessimistic about the future. What happens to aggregate demand? If the Fed wants to stabilize aggregate demand, how should it alter the money supply? If it does this, what happens to the interest rate? Why might the Fed choose not to respond in this way?

To determine

Pessimism about the future and aggregate demand.

Explanation

When a wave of pessimism strikes about the future, it discourages household consumption and business investment. This reduces the aggregate demand and the AD curve shifts to the left. Therefore if the Fed wants to stabilize the aggregate demand, then it should increase the money supply, which lowers the interest rate. Hence, the people will get incentives to spend more and save less...

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