   Chapter 17, Problem 17E

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# Profitability ratiosThe following selected data were taken from the financial statements of Vidahill Inc. for December 31, 20Y7, 20Y6, and 20Y5: The 20Y7 net income was $411,000, and the 20Y6 net income was$462,500. No dividends on common stock were declared between 20Y5 and 20Y7. Preferred dividends were declared and paid in full in 20Y6 and 20Y7. a. Determine the return on total assets, the return on stockholders’ equity, and the return on common stockholders’ equity for the years 20Y6 and 20Y7. Round percentages to one decimal place. b. What conclusions can be drawn from these data as to the company’s profitability?

a)

To determine

Determine Return on total assets, return on stockholders’ equity and the return on common stockholders’ equity for the years 20Y6 and 20Y7.

Explanation

Financial Ratios: Financial ratios are the metrics used to evaluate the liquidity, capabilities, profitability, and overall performance of a company.

Return on assets determines the particular company’s overall earning power. It is determined by dividing sum of net income and interest expense and average total assets.

Formula:

Rate of return on assets=Netincome + Interest expenseAverage total assets

Rate of return on stockholders’ equity is used to determine the relationship between the net income and the average common equity that are invested in the company.

Formula: Rate of return on stockholders' equtiy = Net incomeAverage  stockholder’s equity

Rate of return on common stockholders’ equity is used to determine the relationship between the difference of net income and preference dividends and the average common equity that are invested in the company.

Formula:

Rate of return on common stockholders' equity}= Net income – Preferred dividends Average common stockholder’s equity

Determine return on total assets.

For 20Y7:

Rate of return on assets=Netincome + Interest expenseAverage total assets=$411,000+$150,000$5,100,000=11.0% For 20Y6: Rate of return on assets=Netincome + Interest expenseAverage total assets=$462,500+$150,000$4,900,000=12.5%

Hence, return on assets for 20Y7 and 20Y6 is 11.0% and 12.5%.

Working notes:

Determine interest expense and average total assets as follows:

Interest expense for 20Y7

Interest expense for 20Y7 = Notes payable × Interest percentage = $2,500,000 × 6%=$150,000

Interest expense for 20Y6

Interest expense for 20Y6 = Notes payable × Interest percentage = $2,500,000 × 6%=$150,000

Average total assets for 20Y7

Average total assets for 20Y7=Opening assets + Closing assets 2=$5,200,000+$5,000,0002=$5,100,000 Average total assets for 20Y6 Average total assets for 20Y6=Opening assets + Closing assets 2=$5,000,000+$4,800,0002=$4,900,000

Determine return on stockholders’ equity.

For 20Y7:

Rate of return on stockholders' equity}= Net income Average stockholder’s equity=$411,000$2,148,000=19.1%

For 20Y6:

Rate of return on stockholders' equity}= Net income Average stockholder’s equity=$462,500$1,736,000=26

b)

To determine

Draw the conclusion about Company’s profitability

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