Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909



Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Acute mountain sickness is characterized by

1. Sleep disorders

2. Headache

3. Dizziness

4. Palpitation

5. Loss of appetite

A. 1 and 3 only

B. 2 and 4 only

C. 1, 4, and 5 only

D. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5

Summary Introduction


Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is also called altitude sickness. It takes place in high altitude regions due to low levels of oxygen, usually above 2,400 meters above sea level. Its symptoms include shortness of breath and nausea. It can be treated by taking sufficient fluids and descending down to lower altitude.


Justification/explanation for the correct answer:

Option (d) is given as “1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.” The reduced air pressure and decreased oxygen level in higher altitudes will cause exertion and affect the nervous system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, and respiratory system. The common symptoms include loss of appetite, headache, dizziness, fatigue, vomiting, and sleep disorders. Hence, option (d) is correct.

The explanation for the incorrect answers:

Option (a) is given as “1 and 3 only.” The acute mountain sickness is characterized not only by sleep disorders and dizziness, but headache, palpitation, and appetite loss also occur in it...

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