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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 2

Because of the lung hyperinflation described in question 1, the patient was generating (small_________; large_____) pleural pressure changes with (little or no ________ moderate to large_________) volume changes.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The blank spaces in the statement, “Because of the lung hyperinflation describe in question 1, the patient was generating (small ________; large _________) pleural pressure changes with (little or no _______; moderate to large _______) volume changes.”

Introduction:

Hyperinflation results from air trapping in the alveoli of the lungs, which leads to inflation. The air passages on the bronchi are blocked due to inflammation and it decreases the exhalation of air from the lungs. Hyperinflation of lungs is caused by pulmonary diseases, such as asthma and cystic fibrosis.

Please refer to Clinical Application Case-2 for further information.

Explanation

In the given case, a young girl was suffering from severe respiratory distress, the constriction of her tracheobronchial tree increased progressively and her ability for exhalation declined completely. She had difficulty in breathing and her lungs were hyper-inflated.

Patient suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) have hyperinflated lungs. They are often advised to undergo surgery to remove the excess tissue that is obstructing the air flow. Asthma patients have hyperinflated lungs due to blockage of airways by excessive bronchial secretions...

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