menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

When ammonium nitrate explodes, nitrogen, steam, and oxygen gas are produced. If the explosion is carried out by heating one kilogram of ammonium nitrate sealed in a rigid bomb with a volume of one liter, what is the total pressure produced by the gases before the bomb ruptures? Assume that the reaction goes to completion and that the final temperature is 500°C (3 significant figures).

BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

8th Edition
William L. Masterton + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079373

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

8th Edition
William L. Masterton + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079373
Chapter 21, Problem 39QAP
Textbook Problem
36 views

When ammonium nitrate explodes, nitrogen, steam, and oxygen gas are produced. If the explosion is carried out by heating one kilogram of ammonium nitrate sealed in a rigid bomb with a volume of one liter, what is the total pressure produced by the gases before the bomb ruptures? Assume that the reaction goes to completion and that the final temperature is 500°C (3 significant figures).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To calculate the total pressure produced.

Concept introduction:

Ideal gas equation is as follows:

PV=nRT

Here, P represents pressure, V represents volume, n represents number of moles, R and Trepresents gas constant and temperature respectively.

Number of moles = massmolar mass

Explanation of Solution

Thermal decomposition of NH4NO3 reaction is as follows:

2NH4NO3(s)Δ2N2(g)+4H2O(g)+O2(g)

Two moles of ammonium nitrate produces 2 moles of N2, four moles of H2O and one moles of O2. Total 7 moles of products formed.

Molar mass of NH4NO3 is 80.04g/mol.

Calculate number ofmoles of NH4NO3 present in 1 kg NH4NO3 is,

1000g80.04g/mol=12.49mol

Therefore,

mol number of gaseous product=12.5mol2mol×7mol=43

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 21 Solutions

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 21 - Write the formula of a compound of hydrogen with...Ch. 21 - Write the formula of a compound of hydrogen with...Ch. 21 - Give the formula of (a) an anion in which S has an...Ch. 21 - Give the formula of a compound of nitrogen that is...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for (a) the...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for (a) the...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for the...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for the...Ch. 21 - Complete and balance the following equations. If...Ch. 21 - Complete and balance the following equations. If...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced equation for the preparation of...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced equation for the preparation of...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced equation for the reaction of...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced equation for the reaction of...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for the...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for the...Ch. 21 - Give the Lewis structure of (a) NO2 (b) NO (c) SO2...Ch. 21 - Give the Lewis structure of (a) Cl2O (b) N2O (c)...Ch. 21 - Which of the molecules in Question 27 are polar?Ch. 21 - Which of the molecules in Question 28 are polar?Ch. 21 - Give the Lewis structure of (a) HNO3 (b) H2SO4 (c)...Ch. 21 - Give the Lewis structures of the conjugate bases...Ch. 21 - Give the Lewis structure of (a) the strongest...Ch. 21 - Give is structure of (a) an oxide of nitrogen in...Ch. 21 - The average concentration of bromine (as bromide)...Ch. 21 - A 425-gal tank is filled with water containing 175...Ch. 21 - Iodine can be prepared by allowing an aqueous...Ch. 21 - When a solution of hydrogen bromide is prepared,...Ch. 21 - When ammonium nitrate explodes, nitrogen, steam,...Ch. 21 - Sulfur dioxide can be removed from the smokestack...Ch. 21 - A 1.500-g sample containing sodium nitrate was...Ch. 21 - Chlorine can remove the foul smell of H2S in...Ch. 21 - The equilibrium constant at 25°C for the reaction...Ch. 21 - Calculate the pH and the equilibrium concentration...Ch. 21 - At equilibrium, a gas mixture has a partial...Ch. 21 - Given...Ch. 21 - What is the concentration of fluoride ion in a...Ch. 21 - Calculate the solubility in grams per 100 mL of...Ch. 21 - Determine whether the following redox reaction is...Ch. 21 - Follow the directions for Problem 49 for the...Ch. 21 - Consider the equilibrium system HF(aq)H+(aq)+F(aq)...Ch. 21 - Applying the tables in Appendix 1 to...Ch. 21 - Consider the reaction 4NH3(g)+5O2(g)4NO(g)+6H2O(g)...Ch. 21 - Data are given in Appendix 1 for white phosphorus,...Ch. 21 - In the electrolysis of a KI solution, using 5.00...Ch. 21 - If an electrolytic cell producing fluorine uses a...Ch. 21 - Sodium hypochlorite is produced by the...Ch. 21 - Sodium perchlorate is produced by the electrolysis...Ch. 21 - Taking EoxH2O2=0.695 V, determine which of the...Ch. 21 - Taking EredH2O2=+1.763 V, determine which of the...Ch. 21 - Consider the reduction of nitrate ion in acidic...Ch. 21 - For the reaction in Problem 61 if gas pressures...Ch. 21 - Choose the strongest acid from each group. (a)...Ch. 21 - What intermolecular forces are present in the...Ch. 21 - Write a balanced equation for the reaction of...Ch. 21 - State the oxidation number of N in (a) NO2- (b)...Ch. 21 - The density of sulfur vapor at one atmosphere...Ch. 21 - Give the formula of a substance discussed in this...Ch. 21 - Why does concentrated nitric acid often have a...Ch. 21 - Explain why (a) acid strength increases as the...Ch. 21 - Suppose you wish to calculate the mass of sulfuric...Ch. 21 - The reaction 4HF(aq)+SiO2(aq)SiF4(aq)+2H2O can be...Ch. 21 - The amount of sodium hypochlorite in a bleach...Ch. 21 - What is the minimum amount of sodium azide, NaN3,...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Which of the following is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease? a. high blood HDL cholesterol b. low blood ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Match the term listed in Column A with its definition from Column B

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (MindTap Course List)

An electric current in a conductor varies with time according to the expression I(t) = 100 sin (120t), where I ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Where are distinct water masses formed?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin