FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND TAXES Donna Jamison, a 2014 graduate of the University of Florida, with 4 years of banking experience, was recently brought in as assistant to the chairperson of the board of D’Leon Ine., a small food producer that operates in north Florida and whose specialty is high-quality pecan and other nut products sold in the snack foods market. D’Leon’s president, Al Watkins, decided in 2018 to undertake a major expansion and to “go national” in competition with Frito-Lay, Eagle, and other major snack foods companies. Watkins believed that D’Leon’s products were of higher quality than the competition’s, that this quality differential would enable it to charge a premium price, and that the end result would be greatly increased sales, profits, and stock price. The company doubled its plant capacity, opened new sales offices outside its home territory, and launched an expensive advertising campaign. D’Leon’s results were not satisfactory, to put it mildly. Its board of directors, which consisted of its president, vice president, and major stockholders (all of whom were local businesspeople), was most upset when directors learned how the expansion was going. Unhappy suppliers were being paid late, and the bank was complaining about the deteriorating situation and threatening to cut off credit. As a result, Watkins was informed that changes would have to be made—and quickly; otherwise, he would be fired. Also, at the board’s insistence, Donna Jamison was brought in and given the job of assistant to Fred Campo, a retired banker who was D’Leon’s chairperson and largest stockholder. Campo agreed to give up a few of his golfing days and help nurse the company back to health, with Jamison’s help. Jamison began by gathering the financial statements and other data given in Tables 1С 3.1,1С 3.2,1С 3.3, and 1С 3.4. Assume that you are Jamison’s assistant. You must help her answer the following questions for Campo. {Note: We will continue with this case in Chapter 4, and you will feel more comfortable with the analysis there. But answering these questions will help prepare you for Chapter 4. Provide clear explanations.) a. What effect did the expansion have on sales, after-tax operating income, net operating working capital (NOWC), and net income? b. What effect did the company’s expansion have on its free cash flow? c. D’Leon purchases materials on 30-day terms, meaning that it is supposed to pay for purchases within 30 days of receipt. Judging from its 2019 balance sheet, do you think that D’Leon pays suppliers on time? Provide an explanation and include a discussion about what problems might occur if suppliers are not paid in a timely manner. d. D’Leon spends money for labor, materials, and fixed assets (depreciation) to make products—and spends still more money to sell those products. Then the firm makes sales that result in receivables, which eventually result in cash inflows. Does it appear that D’Leon’s sales price exceeds its costs per unit sold? How does this affect the cash balance? e. Suppose D’Leon’s sales manager told the sales staff to start offering 60-day credit terms rather than the 30-day terms now being offered. D’Leon’s competitors react by offering similar terms, so sales remain constant. What effect would this have on the cash account? How would the cash account be affected if sales doubled as a result of the credit policy change? f. Can you imagine a situation in which the sales price exceeds the cost of producing and selling a unit of output, yet a dramatic increase in sales volume causes the cash balance to decline? Explain. g. Did D’Leon finance its expansion program with internally generated funds (additions to retained earnings plus depreciation) or with external capital? How does the choice of financing affect the company’s financial strength? h. Refer to Tables 1С 3.2 and 1С 3.4. Suppose D’Leon broke even in 2019 in the sense that sales revenues equaled total operating costs plus interest charges. Would the asset expansion have caused the company to experience a cash shortage that required it to raise external capital? Explain. i. The new tax law calls for immediate expensing of certain qualified business assets rather than depreciating them over a longer time period. How will that affect (1) a company’s physical stock of assets, (2) a firm’s balance sheet account for fixed assets, (3) a company’s reported net income, and (4) a company’s cash position? In your responses, assume that the same depreciation method is used for stockholder reporting and for tax calculations and that the accounting change has no effect on assets’ physical lives. j. Explain how earnings per share, dividends per share, and book value per share are calculated and what they mean. Why does the market price per share not equal the book value per share? k. к- Explain briefly the tax treatment of (1) interest and dividends paid, (2) interest earned and dividends received, (3) capital gains, and (4) tax loss carryforwards. How might each of these items affect D’Leon’s taxes? TABLE 1С3.1 Balance Sheets a Assume that all cash is excess cash; i.e., this cash is not needed for operating purposes. TABLE 1С3.2 Income Statements TABLE 1С3.3 Statement of Stockholders’ Equity, 2019 TABLE 1С3.4 Statement of Cash Flow, 2019

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Fundamentals Of Financial Manageme...

10th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
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ISBN: 9781337902571
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Fundamentals Of Financial Manageme...

10th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337902571

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 3, Problem 20IC
Textbook Problem

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND TAXES Donna Jamison, a 2014 graduate of the University of Florida, with 4 years of banking experience, was recently brought in as assistant to the chairperson of the board of D’Leon Ine., a small food producer that operates in north Florida and whose specialty is high-quality pecan and other nut products sold in the snack foods market. D’Leon’s president, Al Watkins, decided in 2018 to undertake a major expansion and to “go national” in competition with Frito-Lay, Eagle, and other major snack foods companies. Watkins believed that D’Leon’s products were of higher quality than the competition’s, that this quality differential would enable it to charge a premium price, and that the end result would be greatly increased sales, profits, and stock price.

The company doubled its plant capacity, opened new sales offices outside its home territory, and launched an expensive advertising campaign. D’Leon’s results were not satisfactory, to put it mildly. Its board of directors, which consisted of its president, vice president, and major stockholders (all of whom were local businesspeople), was most upset when directors learned how the expansion was going. Unhappy suppliers were being paid late, and the bank was complaining about the deteriorating situation and threatening to cut off credit. As a result, Watkins was informed that changes would have to be made—and quickly; otherwise, he would be fired. Also, at the board’s insistence, Donna Jamison was brought in and given the job of assistant to Fred Campo, a retired banker who was D’Leon’s chairperson and largest stockholder. Campo agreed to give up a few of his golfing days and help nurse the company back to health, with Jamison’s help.

Jamison began by gathering the financial statements and other data given in Tables 1С 3.1,1С 3.2,1С 3.3, and 1С 3.4. Assume that you are Jamison’s assistant. You must help her answer the following questions for Campo. {Note: We will continue with this case in Chapter 4, and you will feel more comfortable with the analysis there. But answering these questions will help prepare you for Chapter 4. Provide clear explanations.)

  1. a. What effect did the expansion have on sales, after-tax operating income, net operating working capital (NOWC), and net income?
  2. b. What effect did the company’s expansion have on its free cash flow?
  3. c. D’Leon purchases materials on 30-day terms, meaning that it is supposed to pay for purchases within 30 days of receipt. Judging from its 2019 balance sheet, do you think that D’Leon pays suppliers on time? Provide an explanation and include a discussion about what problems might occur if suppliers are not paid in a timely manner.
  4. d. D’Leon spends money for labor, materials, and fixed assets (depreciation) to make products—and spends still more money to sell those products. Then the firm makes sales that result in receivables, which eventually result in cash inflows. Does it appear that D’Leon’s sales price exceeds its costs per unit sold? How does this affect the cash balance?
  5. e. Suppose D’Leon’s sales manager told the sales staff to start offering 60-day credit terms rather than the 30-day terms now being offered. D’Leon’s competitors react by offering similar terms, so sales remain constant. What effect would this have on the cash account? How would the cash account be affected if sales doubled as a result of the credit policy change?
  6. f. Can you imagine a situation in which the sales price exceeds the cost of producing and selling a unit of output, yet a dramatic increase in sales volume causes the cash balance to decline? Explain.
  7. g. Did D’Leon finance its expansion program with internally generated funds (additions to retained earnings plus depreciation) or with external capital? How does the choice of financing affect the company’s financial strength?
  8. h. Refer to Tables 1С 3.2 and 1С 3.4. Suppose D’Leon broke even in 2019 in the sense that sales revenues equaled total operating costs plus interest charges. Would the asset expansion have caused the company to experience a cash shortage that required it to raise external capital? Explain.
  9. i. The new tax law calls for immediate expensing of certain qualified business assets rather than depreciating them over a longer time period. How will that affect (1) a company’s physical stock of assets, (2) a firm’s balance sheet account for fixed assets, (3) a company’s reported net income, and (4) a company’s cash position? In your responses, assume that the same depreciation method is used for stockholder reporting and for tax calculations and that the accounting change has no effect on assets’ physical lives.
  10. j. Explain how earnings per share, dividends per share, and book value per share are calculated and what they mean. Why does the market price per share not equal the book value per share?
  11. k. к- Explain briefly the tax treatment of (1) interest and dividends paid, (2) interest earned and dividends received, (3) capital gains, and (4) tax loss carryforwards. How might each of these items affect D’Leon’s taxes?

TABLE 1С3.1 Balance Sheets

Chapter 3, Problem 20IC, FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND TAXES Donna Jamison, a 2014 graduate of the University of Florida, with 4 , example  1

aAssume that all cash is excess cash; i.e., this cash is not needed for operating purposes.

TABLE 1С3.2 Income Statements

Chapter 3, Problem 20IC, FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND TAXES Donna Jamison, a 2014 graduate of the University of Florida, with 4 , example  2

TABLE 1С3.3 Statement of Stockholders’ Equity, 2019

Chapter 3, Problem 20IC, FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND TAXES Donna Jamison, a 2014 graduate of the University of Florida, with 4 , example  3

TABLE 1С3.4 Statement of Cash Flow, 2019

Chapter 3, Problem 20IC, FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND TAXES Donna Jamison, a 2014 graduate of the University of Florida, with 4 , example  4

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