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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

Connecting the bones of the vertebrate skeleton are:

a. nonmovable synovial joints.

b. ligaments holding together connective tissue of fibrous joints.

c. cartilaginous joints held together by fluid-filled capsules.

d. synovial joints lubricated by synovial fluid.

e. fibrous joints that move around a fulcrum allowing smallmuscle movements to produce large body movements.

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

The skeletal system of an animal works as a body framework that makes the muscles work to move body organ or the entire body. In vertebrates, these muscles are attached to the bones of the skeleton and are connected by the joints. These joints allow bones to make movement.

Explanation

Justification for the correct answer:

Option (d) states that the connecting bones of the vertebrate skeleton are synovial joints lubricated by synovial fluid. This is a true statement as the bones of the vertebrate skeleton are connected by the most moveable joints, the synovial joints. The synovial joints consist of the ends of two bones that are lubricated by the connective tissue, filled with fluid. The lubrication of the synovial fluid permits the bones to slide easily as the joint moves. Hence, option (d) is correct.

Justification for the incorrect answers:

Option (a) states that the connecting bones of the vertebrate skeleton are nonmovable synovial joints. This is a wrong statement as synovial joints are the most moveable joints. So, it is an incorrect option.

Option (b) states that the connecting bones of the vertebrate skeleton are ligaments holding together connective tissue of fibrous joints. The connecting bones of the vertebrate skeleton are ligaments holding together connective tissues of the synovial joints. The synovial joints are held together by the ligaments (straps of connective tissue) that extend across the joints outside the capsule...

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