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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the structure of the nitrogen-containing compound needed to produce each of the amides in Problem 17-134 via an amidification reaction?

Chapter 6, Problem 6.136EP, What is the structure of the nitrogen-containing compound needed to produce each of the amides in , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.136EP, What is the structure of the nitrogen-containing compound needed to produce each of the amides in , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.136EP, What is the structure of the nitrogen-containing compound needed to produce each of the amides in , example  3

Chapter 6, Problem 6.136EP, What is the structure of the nitrogen-containing compound needed to produce each of the amides in , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of nitrogen-containing compound that is required to produce the given compound as product through amidification has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

Explanation

Given structure of compound is,

As the nitrogen atom present in the above amide has two hydrogen atoms bonded to it, the amide is a primary amide.  Primary amide is produced by the reaction of ammonia with carboxylic acid.  The nitrogen-containing compound can be identified as shown below,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of nitrogen-containing compound that is required to produce the given compound as product through amidification has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of nitrogen-containing compound that is required to produce the given compound as product through amidification has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of nitrogen-containing compound that is required to produce the given compound as product through amidification has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

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