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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides.

Chapter 6, Problem 6.138EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.138EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.138EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  3

Chapter 6, Problem 6.138EP, Draw the structures of the missing substances in each of the following reactions involving amides. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

Explanation

Given reaction is,

The starting material is a carboxylic acid and a primary amine.  The product obtained on amidification reaction between carboxylic acid and a primary amine is a secondary amide.  This is formed by the loss of water molecule...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structure of missing substance in the given reaction that involves amides has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Amides are synthesized using amidification reaction.  This involves a reaction between amine and carboxylic acid.  In this reaction, the OH group present in carboxylic acid and H from ammonia or amine is lost to give amide as the product.  Water is obtained as a by-product in this reaction.  The general reaction scheme for synthesis of amides can be given as,

Ammonia + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amideamine + Carboxylic acid 100 °C amide

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