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PSYCH 5, Introductory Psychology, ...

5th Edition
Spencer A. Rathus
ISBN: 9781305662704

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Chapter
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BuyFindarrow_forward

PSYCH 5, Introductory Psychology, ...

5th Edition
Spencer A. Rathus
ISBN: 9781305662704
Textbook Problem

Eight-year-old Stephanie understands that her dog Boodles is a dog and that all dogs are animals. Stephanie’s concept of animal is best characterized as

a) Intuitive.

b) Ideational.

c) Overextended.

d) Hierarchical.

Summary Introduction

Introduction

It is a deeply rooted part of human nature to classify and categorize objects, relations, or situations. This ability is instinctive to us and something we engage in largely for survival. Our inherent brain structure denotes how we go about classifying and categorizing the world that surrounds us.

Explanation

Correct answer and explanation

The best answer is (D), in which Stephanie's animal concept is best characterized as hierarchical. A hierarchy describes an order of items in which those being represented are considered "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another. Animals belong to numerous different groups, beginning with the animal kingdom. The tendency to classify and categorize objects, relations, or situations is a deeply rooted feature of human nature. Thus, Stephanie's concept of animals is seen as hierarchical.

Explanation for incorrect statements

Option (A) refers to intuitive...

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