   Chapter 7, Problem 24PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Using orbital box diagrams and noble gas notation, depict the electron configurations of (a) Ti, (b) Ti2+, and (c) Ti4+. Is the element or any of the ions paramagnetic?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations and paramagnetic, diamagnetic properties have to be identified given the transitions metals of Titanium.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

Explanation

The Titanium (Ti) has four electrons in the (4s) orbitals and (3s) electrons in 3d orbitals, the electrons filling method presented below.

AtomicnumberofTitanium(Ti)=22spdfwith orbtital notation=[1s22s22p63s23p63d24s2Orbital filling method       1s22s22p63s2

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations and paramagnetic, diamagnetic properties should be identified given the transitions metals of Ti2+ ions.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configurations and paramagnetic, diamagnetic properties should be identified given the transitions metals of Ti4+ ions.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons (e-) of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

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