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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

  1. (a) Explain why the sizes of atoms change when proceeding across a period of the periodic table.
  2. (b) Explain why the sizes of transition metal atoms change very little across a period.

a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

When proceeding across a period the sizes of atoms change, the reason has to be explained.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Concept Introduction:

Atomic radius: The concept explain chemical element is a measured of the size of its atoms, in other words to measure the distance from the center of the nucleus to the boundary of the surrounding cloud of number of electrons.

Increase and decrease electro negativity: The less vacancy electrons an atoms has the least it will gain of electrons. Moreover the electron affinity decrease down the groups and from right to left across the periods on the periodic table, the reason is electrons are placed in a higher energy level far from the nucleus thus a decrease from its pull.

Electronegativity: It is measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. For example the (F) fluorine is more electronegative element is assigned a value f (4.0) and values range down to cesium (CS) and francium (Fr) which are the largest electronegative at (0.7) range, generally the Pauling scale is used to analyze the electronegative range (or) properties.

Explanation

Across the periodic table, on adding electrons into the same shell along with increasing...

b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The size of transition metal atoms change very little across a period, the reason has to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Atomic radius: The concept explain chemical element is a measured of the size of its atoms, in other words to measure the distance from the center of the nucleus to the boundary of the surrounding cloud of number of electrons.

Increase and decrease electro negativity: The less vacancy electrons an atoms has the least it will gain of electrons. Moreover the electron affinity decrease down the groups and from right to left across the periods on the periodic table, the reason is electrons are placed in a higher energy level far from the nucleus thus a decrease from its pull.

Electronegativity: It is measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. For example the (F) fluorine is more electronegative element is assigned a value f (4.0) and values range down to cesium (CS) and francium (Fr) which are the largest electronegative at (0.7) range, generally the Pauling scale is used to analyze the electronegative range (or) properties.

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