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Financial Accounting

14th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305088436

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Financial Accounting

14th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305088436
Textbook Problem

The following transactions were completed by The Wild Trout Gallery during the current fiscal year ended December 31:

Jan. 19. Reinstated the account of Arlene Gurley, which had been written off in the preceding year as uncollectible. Journalized the receipt of $2,660 cash in full payment of Arlene’s account.
Apr. 3. Wrote off the $12,750 balance owed by Premier GS Co., which is bankrupt.
July 16. Received 25% of the $22,000 balance owed by Hayden Co., a bankrupt business, and wrote off the remainder as uncollectible.
Nov. 23. Reinstated the account of Harry Carr, which had been written off two years earlier as uncollectible. Recorded the receipt of $4,000 cash in full payment.
Dec. 31. Wrote off the following accounts as uncollectible (one entry): Cavey Co., $3,300; Fogle Co., $8,100; Lake Furniture, $11,400; Melinda Shryer, $1,200.
31. Based on an analysis of the $2,350,000 of accounts receivable, it was estimated that $60,000 will be uncollectible. Journalized the adjusting entry.

Instructions

  1. 1. Record the January 1 credit balance of $50,000 in a T account for Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
  2. 2. Journalize the transactions. Post each entry that affects the following T accounts and determine the new balances:

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Bad Debt Expense

  1. 3. Determine the expected net realizable value of the accounts receivable as of December 31.
  2. 4. Assuming that instead of basing the provision for uncollectible accounts on an analysis of receivables the adjusting entry on December 31 had been based on an estimated expense of ½ of 1% of the sales of $15,800,000 for the year, determine the following:
    1.                        a.          Bad debt expense for the year.
    2.                        b.          Balance in the allowance account after the adjustment of December 31.
    3.                        c.          Expected net realizable value of the accounts receivable as of December 31.

(1)

To determine

Record January 1 credit balance of Allowance for doubtful accounts in a T-account.

Explanation

Accounts receivable: Accounts receivable refers to the amounts to be received within a short period from customers upon the sale of goods and services on account. In other words, accounts receivable are amounts customers owe to the business. Accounts receivable is an asset of a business.

Bad debt expense: Bad debt expense is an expense account. The amounts of loss incurred from extending credit to the customers are recorded as bad debt expense. In other words, the estimated uncollectible accounts receivable are known as bad debt expense.

Direct write-off method: This method does not make allowance or estimation for uncollectible accounts, instead this method directly write-off the actual uncollectible accounts by debiting bad debt expense and by crediting accounts receivable. Under this method, accounts would be written off only when the receivables from a customer remain uncollectible.

Allowance method: It is a method for accounting bad debt expense, where amount of uncollectible accounts receivables are estimated and recorded at the end of particular period. Under this method, bad debts expenses are estimated and recorded prior to the occurrence of actual bad debt, in compliance with matching principle by using the allowance for doubtful account.

Two methods to estimate uncollectible accounts under allowance method are:

  • • Percentage of sales method, and
  • • Analysis of receivables method...

(2)

To determine

Journalize and post the transactions of WT Gallery.

(3)

To determine

Calculate the expected net realizable value of the accounts receivable as of December 31.

(4)(a)

To determine

Calculate the amount of bad debt expense for the year.

(4) (b)

To determine

Calculate the balance in the allowance for doubtful account after the adjustment of December 31.

(4) (c)

To determine

Calculate the expected net realizable value of accounts receivable as of December 31.

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