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Acid Base Extraction Lab Report

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Acid-Base Extraction Lab
Experimental:
Three grams of a mixture containing Benzoic Acid and Naphthalene was obtained and placed in 100 ml beaker and added 30 ml of ethyl acetate for dissolving the mixture. A small amount (1-2 drops) of this mixture was separated into a test tube. This test tube was covered and labelled as “M” (mixture). This was set to the side and used the following week for the second part of lab. The content in the beaker was then transferred into separatory funnel. 10 ml of 1 M NaOH added to the content and placed the stopper in the funnel. In the hood separatory funnel was gently shaken for approximately one minute and vent the air out for five seconds. We repeated the same process in the same manner one more time by adding 10ml of 1M NaOH.
After about 1 minute of shaking, the two layers separated. The organic layer on the top layer (consisted of ethyl acetate and naphthalene) collected for further experiment; by adding Sodium Sulfate into organic phase and filtering the Na2So4 from the solution using the wool. The dried organic layer was weighed to get its mass and the residue of Na2SO4 were rinsed with ethyl acetate under vacuum (rotary evaporator). The acid extract on the bottom layer which is a combination of benzoic acid and NaOH were collected in the 50 mL Erlenmeyer beaker for the recovery of acid.
We then created an ice bath using a 250mL Erlenmeyer beaker. The 50 mL Erlenmeyer beaker was then labeled as “Acid Extract”, and was placed in the
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