Cardiovascular Training And Health And Wellbeing

1357 Words Oct 12th, 2015 6 Pages
Cardiovascular Training
Cardiovascular (CV) fitness or endurance is how efficient your body is at taking in oxygen and putting it to use. The cardiovascular system is comprised of the heart, blood, and blood vessels through which blood travels around the body. Aerobic exercise is a key element in CV training. Aerobic simply means “with oxygen”, this type of activity includes things such as swimming, dancing, walking, jogging and cycling (Bushman, 2011). Essentially aerobic activities are exercises where large muscles are moving in a rhythmic way for a sustainable period of time (“Active Adults”, 2015).
Benefits of CV Fitness
CV Fitness is an important element in overall health and wellbeing. Adults that are physically active are healthier
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Having rest days are very important as to not stress the body too greatly and to combat fatigue. For beginners, 3 days a week is a large adjustment for the body to make; this is why avoiding every day is important. When doing moderate level intensity activity, at least 5 days a week of aerobic exercise is recommended. However if doing vigorous intensity activity, then 3 days a week is suggested (Bushman, 2011). To find more on intensity types see the Intensity section below. Regardless of intensity factors, aerobic activity should be completed in intervals of at minimum 10 minutes. A beginner should look at being active at least 150 minutes a week of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise, working towards 300 minutes a week as progression is made (“Canadian Physical Activity”, 2015). When working past 150 minutes additional health benefits arise such as lower risk of colon and breast cancer (“Active Adults”, 2015).
Intensity
The intensity of exercise pertains to how difficult the work-out should be on you. There is a misconception commonly found that a successful workout should leave you dripping in sweat and gasping for air, and this should not be the case. There are two types of intensity; moderate and vigorous. Moderate intensity is exemplified in activities like a brisk walk or a leisure bike ride. Vigorous activity places a bit of a greater stress on the body and can be seen in activities such as jogging, skiing,
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