Lalaine Anne Cordovez
BIO 201 (Lecture)
Dr. Joel Brame
September 4, 2015
Case Analysis: Cheeseburger in Chandler
Given all the assumptions that pose an ideal condition for the digestion and absorption of nutrients, this young woman will be able to yield the protein, fat, nucleic acids, cellulose, and complex carbohydrates obtained from her food and drink. But before we describe how each nutrient goes to a specific location as well as its process, it is important to know the structures behind these nutrients.
Polymers are basically molecules that are either identical or in similar subunits (monomers) arranged in a repetitive series. Simple sugars are either in the form of monosaccharide (1 monomer), or dissacharide (2 monomers). Examples of monosaccharides are glucose and fructose, while lactose (glucose + galactose) and maltose (glucose + glucose) are dissacharides wherein its 2 monomers are covalently bonded by a removal of water. Simple sugars become complex carbohydrates when it is a polysaccharide (3+ monomers). A complex carbohydrate such as cellulose is comprised of a linear chain of glucose monomers (even a few thousands) that are arranged in a uniform pattern wherein one monomer is “upside down” to the monomer bonded to it. Protein (a polypeptide), on the other hand is another type of polymer that is made up of various peptides (a peptide is a molecule made of two amino acids). Peptides are made using peptide bonds, a process in which an amino acid’s amino group
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Proteins are polymers made by joining up small molecules called amino acids. Amino acids and proteins are made mainly of the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.
1. First, find out what nutrients Janine and Mitchell are talking about. Using a biology textbook and the resources listed, describe what the following molecules are and what they are used for in the human body. List some specific examples of each. Also list major dietary sources of each.
Digestion is a process in which insoluble food is broken down into particles which are made into soluble particles enough to be absorbed and to be used by the body and into the bloodstream. These soluble particles are major macronutrients made up of protein, carbohydrates and fats which are needed for essential maintenance for the functioning of the human body. Nutrients are found in foods- proteins are found in red meat/poultry; sources of carbohydrates include
. First, find out what nutrients Janine and Mitchell are talking about. Using a biology textbook and the resources listed, describe what the following molecules are and what they are used for in the human body. List some specific examples of each. Also list major dietary sources of each.
During this week, I Edgar Burgos had to conduct a food intake for 3 consecutive days. This paper will describe my nutritional endeavor for the past three days. I will provide different aspects of my nutritional needs and an in depth analysis on how proteins fats carbohydrates and fiber take part in my everyday diet and what are these functions. This is intended to broaden my views of a healthy lifestyle, and how to achieve it through a variety of food groups.
There are many types of foods, nutrients, and minerals that are important to the body, and the ones that will be covered in this paper are electrolytes, carbohydrates, and proteins. The items listed above are vital to body functions in many ways; for example, electrolytes necessary for proper muscle contraction (Nordqvist 2013). Proteins are essentially what allow our bodies to function as they do, and carbohydrates provide us with the energy that allows it to function. Our body is an amazing and intricate machine, and that’s basically what it is -- a well-oiled machine. In this adventure we will discover what makes our bodies work the way they do, what moves the figurative cogs of our body, and what makes us tick inside.
ASBESTOS is used to illustrate the secondary assessment of a poisoned patient. The primary assessment performed at the emergency department shows no symptoms after 60 minutes of ingestion of several pellets of rat poison. Strychnine can be ruled out as a possible agent as ingestion by mouth is fatal in humans. Strychnine ca be ingested, inhaled or absorbed through the eyes or mouth. Within ten to twenty minutes of ingestion humans will start to have spasms of the muscle starting from the head and neck and spreading to all over the body. Convulsion occur and they increase in intensity with the slight touch and the convulsions will lead to muscle break down, increased acidosis in the body, and temperature starts rising. Death usually occurs within 2-3 hrs of exposure either from muscle fatigue due to the convulsions or the nerves that control breathing does not function and patient dies from asphyxiation./
All the nutrients are absorbed by the small intestine directly into the liver via the portal veins. Liver and intestines have to deal with dangerous chemicals derived from foods that are not good / toxic. Shadow / food preservatives, heavy metals, oil that is not suitable for consumption all of which can interfere with the liver and digestive system. Because it cleans the intestines is also vital to 'rejuvenate'
Enteral routes of nutrient administrations is appropriate in a patient who still has a functioning gastrointestinal system. The patient, for whatever reason, is having difficulty chewing or swallowing, or perhaps they need to bypass the stomach all together due to surgery. Nevertheless, nutrition is administered directly to the GI tract through several methods. For short term delivery (less than four weeks), the nasogastric, also called orogastric or nasoenteric, is appropriate. This is where the nurse would place a levin tube down the nose and throat and into the stomach of the patient. The salem sump could also be used, however for extended use, the levin tube would be more comfortable for the patient. This method of delivery has a few risks
Simple carbohydrates are “commonly called sugar” (Thompson & Manore, 2017, p. 101). Simple carbohydrates are found in a variety of foods such as fruits, vegetables, milk, and milk products where natural sugars are found. Within this subgroup there are monosaccharides and disaccharides. Monosaccharides are essentially one molecule of sugar, and happen to be the simplest type of carb that is usually in the form of glucose. Glucose, fructose, and galactose are referred to as monosaccharides. Disaccharides are “a carb compound consisting of two sugar molecules that are joined together” (Thompson & Manore, 2017, p. 101). Lactose, maltose, and sucrose are referred to as disaccharides.
The primary function of the digestive system is to transfer nutrients, water, and electrolytes from the food consume into the body’s internal environment. The ingested food is essential as an energy source, or fuel, from which the cells can generate ATP to carry out their particular energy-dependent activities such as contraction, transport, synthesis, secretion and even renewal of body tissues. Three primary categories of food ingested by humans which are carbohydrates, proteins and fats emerge as large molecules. These large molecules cannot cross plasma membranes intact to be absorbed from the lumen of the digestive tract into the blood or lymph; hence, it must undergo degradation in size (Sherwood, 2013). This