Effects Of Neglect On Child Welfare System

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In 2012, nearly four million children were reported to Child Protective Services (CPS) with concerns of neglect or abuse (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). Out of those four million reports, approximately 563,000 children were found to be victims of substantiated neglect, as reported and inspected by CPS (DePanifilis, 2006). In 2002, 1400 children died as a result of abuse or neglect (Harder, 2005). Cases of neglect occur roughly three times more (75%) than cases of physical abuse alone (18.3%), five times more than sexual abuse (9.3%), and are more likely to result in the death of the child (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). The impact of neglect can severely damage the physical, cognitive, interpersonal and emotional development of the child (DePanifilis, 2006). Parent-training interventions are frequently utilized in the child welfare system when working to preserve the family unit or have reunification as an end result (Barth et al., 2005). In children that have been neglected, do parent-training interventions reduce the negative impacts of neglect?
Child neglect can include, but is not limited to, failing to meet a child’s emotional, physical, educational, and/or medical needs (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2013). Neglect range in severity from a one-time occurrence of not securing a child in a car seat before operating a vehicle to continually failing to provide food, shelter, and security (DePanfilis, 2006). Alone, these
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