Ureteral Endometriosis is a clinical disorder in which the endometrial tissues and surrounding structures grow outside of the uterus. It occurs during the reproductive age in women. Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease; however ureteral endometriosis is very uncommon. It is present in about 1% of women with endometriosis and can lead to renal failure due to the obstruction of the ureter. (Heqing, 2014) There are two types of ureteral endometriosis: extrinsic and intrinsic. Intrinsic ureteral endometriosis is less common. It is classified by the endometrial tissue being found inside of the ureteral wall. Extrinsic ureteral endometriosis is more common of the two. It is characterized by endometrial tissue and glands found in ureteral…show more content… There are diagnostic tests that can be done to test or look for signs of ureteral endometriosis. These diagnostic tests include laparoscopy, CT scan, MRI, ureteroscopy with ultrasonography. Although these tests are helpful, there is no one particular test that is used solely to find ureteral endometriosis, however laparoscopy tests should be performed first. “Most commonly ureteral endometriosis is found accidentally in patients undergoing laparoscopy for infertility or endometriosis”. (Palla, 2017) During these tests, gynecologists, urologists, and surgeons look for lesions, and obstructions along the uterine wall, misplaced uterine tissue and glands, and abnormalities of the surrounding organs and structures, the fallopian tubes, urethra, bladder, kidneys, etc. After diagnosing a patient with ureteral endometriosis, a medical professional will then assess the symptoms, size and damage to the uterus before recommending…show more content… There is no new groundbreaking research readily available, however there are a few clinical studies in the works with each new, unique case of ureteral endometriosis.
Understanding the ins and outs of ureteral endometriosis is important because it can, if not properly treated or caught, cause ectopic pregnancies in women of childbearing age, cause renal failure, increased morbidity, and significant abnormalities of the surrounding glands, organs, and structures. Those are just a few risks to take into consideration when understanding the importance of this