Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years.

2450 Words Jul 7th, 2013 10 Pages
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years.
The areas of a childs development can be categorized into four seperate groups.
Namely - physical development, social and emotional development, intellectual development and language development.
It is important to be able to identify these developmental mile stones in order to asses a childs rate of development and make observations as to whether or not a child is developing at a rate that you would expect.
Therefore I have listed below each developmental group and mile stones that are expected at certain age groups within those areas.
Physical development - movement and motor skills including hand eye co-ordination.
By 6 months a child should be able
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From twelve a child begins to move into the sensative physical develpment faze of puberty, this is a time when a childs body will physically begin to change into an adult. This adolescent stage normally begins earlier in girls as they begin to grow breasts and their bodies become curvier, they will also start their periods at at an average age of thirteen but this varies greatly. Boys tend to developement later than girls but they continue to grow. Whilst grils tend to stop growing around fifteen, boys may continue to grow into their late teens. They can also expect their voices to drop and facial hair begin to show.
Social and emotional development - forming relationships, learning social skills, self reliance and decisions making. Developing self confidence and learning how to recognise and deal with emotions.
Again we should see that a baby between newborn and three months can respond to adults, especially their parents face and voice. They will also show a high dependancy on adults for comfort and reassurance. They will quiten down when held and cuddled and will smile and concentrate on an adults face during feeding.
Between six and nine months they begin to enjoy the company of others and show affection towards their known carer. They may be shy around strangers but will show enjoyment towards interaction such as games of peek-a-boo.
As a child progresses…