Thesis Statement: Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, although rare, can be fatal and it is important to be informed on the cause, symptoms, and treatments to further your awareness and provide a better understanding on the dynamics of this disease.
Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkin disease) would be known as a type of disease called lymphoma, which is a cancer that starts inside white blood cells and are called lymphocytes. Hodgkin disease has treatments that can cure it but there are only a few medications that can do it. This disease has symptoms that can come in a lot of side affects.
The disease that I chose is Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NLPHL), a type of cancer, but specifically a type of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. I have chosen this because a year ago I was battling it. One day I was a normal teenager and the next, I was getting to know the Hematology Oncology clinic that I’d be spending a numerous amount of days in.
Lymphomas are considered malignant nodes. Studies have shown there are two different types of lymphomas; Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Both lymphomas are one in the same; the only difference being Non-Hodgkin’s disease first manifestation begins with a large, painless node. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is categorized by malignant cells found in the lymph nodes. The first common sign is normally a localized lymph node found in the neck region (VanMeter& Huebert, 2014). Later, as the disease progresses it attacks the other nodes and organs via the lymphatic system. The manifestations that are accompanied by Hodgkin’s lymphoma are semi-large painless, but nontender node. Other, later signs and symptoms include frequent infections, due
Cancers arising from the lymph nodes or other sites of lymphoid tissue are broadly termed lymphomas. This group of diseases is divided into Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In both conditions, there is a replacement of normal lymphatic tissue by collections of abnormal lymphoma cells.
What is lymphoma? Many people ask that exact question when pondering lymphoma. Lymphoma is a deadly and life threatening cancer which attacks the lymphatic system. When pondering this idea, people don’t realize the diagnosis and treatment is very in depth and serious. Most people also don’t comprehend that the diagnosis can be complicating because, most of the symptoms that are experienced by adults can mimic common cold and flu symptoms.
Lymphoma or lymphatic cancer is a very serious and life threatening disease. In this country there is an estimated 63,900 new cases, 7,100 of which are Hodgkin&#8217;s lymphoma as opposed to non-Hodgkin&#8217;s lymphoma. Since around the 70&#8217;s the occurrence of non-Hodgkin&#8217;s lymphoma has almost doubled while the occurrence of Hodgkin&#8217;s disease has declined. (Steen, 1993)
Lymphoma is made of a histologically heterogeneous group of cancers, arise from the cells of the immune system with enlargement of lymph nodes. Lymphoma is classified into two main types according to its pathology classification which are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.The most common signs and symptoms to this disease are painless swellings of lymph nodes in neck and underarm, fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, itching of the skin, recurring infections swelling in the abdomen and face, cough and shortness of breath.
Cancer is defined as the disease caused by an uncontrollable division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. The particular cancer that I️ researched is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) which is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the lymph system. (Lymphoma) The lymph system is a part of the immune system. Lymph tissue is found all throughout the body; therefore, Lymphoma can begin from almost any part of the body since the major sites of lymph tissue are the lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, thymus, digestive tract, and adenoids and tonsils. (What) “In most cases, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.” (Risk) Some risk factors of NHL are beyond our control such as age and gender but usually they are acquired rather than inherited. (Risk) NHL begins in white blood cells called lymphocytes. (What) There are two main types of lymphocytes: B lymphocytes ( B cells) and T lymphocytes (T cells). B cells normally create antibodies to
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of lymphoma, which is universal term for tumors that develop in the lymphatic system. It is also called non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin represents for about 90% of all lymphomas, and the remaining 10% are indicating to as Hodgkin lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas have an extensive variety of histological appearances and clinical components, which can make diagnosis hard. Lymphomas are not uncommon, and most doctors, independent of their and expertise, will presumably have gone over a patient with
Lymphomas are one kind of malignant tumor and they often start in locations such as the lymph nodes. Lymphoma is the third fastest growing cancer in the world and affects people of all ages. Lymphoma is a common cancer that has specific symptoms and treatments.
The symptoms of Burkitt's depends on the type that the person has acquired. Endemic, which is the African form usually starts as tumors of the facial bones, commonly the jaw, it may affect the gastrointestinal tract, ovaries, and can spread to the Central Nervous System. It can cause nerve damage, paralysis, and weakness. Immunodeficiency and Sporadic, the type that is more often seen in other areas of the world but is more frequently seen in the Untied States. This type usually starts in the bowels and forms a mass in the abdomen, because of this bone marrow, the liver, and spleen are usually involved. These two forms can also start in the ovaries, testis, or other organs and will eventually spread to the brain and spinal cord fluid. Symptoms that are involved with all three variants consist of bowel problems, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, night sweats, unexplained fever, and weight loss.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can begin in both the B-cells and T-cells. (Mayoclinic.org 2015) . however there are factors that increase the chances of developing this condition (Macmillan.org.uk 2015)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma are cancers that start in the lymph tissues, such as the tonsils, lymph nodes, and thymus. These cancers may spread to bone marrow and other organs, which can cause different symptoms depending on where it is growing. Hodgkin’s lymphoma can occur in both children and adults, and accounts for about 4% of childhood cancers. It is more common, though, in two age groups: early adulthood (age 15-40, usually people in their 20s) and late adulthood (after 55). Hodgkin lymphoma is rare in children younger than five years of age. About 10% to 15% of cases are diagnosed in children and teenagers. About 81 out of 100 people diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are alive one year after the disease is diagnosed. About 63 out of 100 people with the disease are alive at five years, and 49 out of 100 at 10 years (Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, 2005-2010).
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is a cancer that runs through the lymphatic system of the body. There are four stages: stages one and two being completely treated very easily, and stages three and four are the most crucial and are sometimes not treated. Statically this cancer occurs under the age of thirty five. My mother found out on her thirty fifth birthday.