How Parkinson's Disease Affects Your Body

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What is Parkinson’s Disease
Many people have probably heard of Parkinson’s disease, as is it is a relatively common disease, however little know what the disease is, and how it affects your body. Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive, and degenerative disease and what it does, is affect the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. Dopamine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, and is responsible for balancing acetylcholine. Acetylcholine on the other hand is a facilitory neurotransmitter. what that means is obviously there is now an imbalance in the body’s system. The picture on the left shows how transitions of dopamine differs from a person with Parkinson’s compared to a person without. The other picture shows the activity level
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It has been researched that it can be heredity, and can have an influence on whether or not, a person will end up with Parkinson's. It is noted that having a close family member with the disease will increase your chances but only a relatively small amount. However, if multiple close relatives have succumbed to the disease, it greatly increases the chances of you getting Parkinson’s as some point in life (Mayo Clinic Staff). It shows a pattern that men are more likely to have this disease than women. Another pattern Parkinson’s seems to show, is that it is common for those in Agriculture. This is because being a farmer specifically, you may be, or are often, around pesticides or herbicides which these directly inhibit dopamine production, which if we remember is the reason for Parkinson’s.(Parkinson’s Disease n.d.) The picture on this page shows a great example, how famers are sometimes not careful and do not take the proper precautions to protect themselves. Yes he is wearing gloves, but he should probably be wearing a mask as not to inhale the…show more content…
These tremors are most often seen in hands and the feet, but can be seen throughout the entire body. Tremors seem to be the worst when a person is a rest, but subside when a person is active, and completely disappear only when a person is sleeping. Parkinson’s people also have a significant amount of rigidity. They have what you call “cogwheel” movement, where they move in segments per say.(Parkinson’s Disease n.d.) They also have a “lead pipe” movement which as you can guess is heavy moments of the limbs. Loss of postural reflexes is another huge give away for Parkinson’s. People with this disease have a hard time standing up right, and are flexed and hunched over at all joints including the back, hips and knees. You can see the picture on the right is of a very severe case of Parkinson’s, he is showing that bent posture in all positions. Back to the lack of dopamine which I explained before was an inhibitory neurotransmitter, a patient with Parkinson’s becomes very unstable and is less able to make compensatory changes to regain their balance. Those diagnosed have a very distinguished gait pattern, which is another dead giveaway. Because they are flexed forward and have a hard time with their center of gravity, they start to shuffle their feet and fall forward, which is called festinating. There is a significant delay between planning to move and actually moving. They now require
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