Learning Disabilities Assignment

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Learning Disabilities Assignment

1. Identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities

One of the main causes of discrimination is the fear and lack of understanding of others because they are different. In order to prevent discrimination it is important to value people and treat them differently in order to meet their different needs. The legislation and policies that are designed to promote human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship are:
Human Rights Act 1998
Mental Capacity Act 2005
Mental Health Act 1983
Care Standard Act 2000
No Secrets 2000
Disability Discrimination Act 2005
Equality Act 2010 …show more content…

Difficulties with reading, writing and comprehension
Unable to understand and retain basic mathematical skills and concepts
Limited vocabulary and communication skills
Short attention span
Under developed co-ordination skills
Lack of logical reasoning
Inability to transfer and apply skills to different situations
Have difficulty remembering what has been taught

4. Give examples of causes of learning disabilities

There is often no known cause of learning disabilities where a cause can be identified it falls into the following categories:
Before birth
Chromosome abnormalities, Down’s Syndrome, Tuberous Sclerosis
Infection e.g. Rubella
Lack of oxygen to the foetus
Trauma (e.g. accident or injury in some way)
Vaccine damage
Poisons e.g. drugs (legal or illicit), alcohol, smoking and lead

Birth Complications
Asphyxia and anoxia
Obstructed birth and extended labour
Instrument birth and brain damage
Extreme prematurity and very low birth weight

Postnatal reasons
Infections e.g. Meningitis
Trauma e.g. accident, injury or child abuse
Metabolic or disorders of nutrition and growth
Social deprivation

5. Describe the medical and social models of disability

Medical model of disability
Under the medical model, disabled people are defined by their illness or medical condition. They are disempowered, medical diagnoses are used to regulate and control access to social benefits, housing, education,

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