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Social Development: Interpersonal Social Skills

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Definition

1.1.1 Interpersonal social skills
Interpersonal social skills are the life skills that we use in our daily life such as communicate and interact with other people, both individually and in groups. Interpersonal social skills are including communication skills which can be classify into verbal communication, non-verbal communication and listening skills, team working, negotiation, persuasion and influencing skills, conflict resolution and mediation, and problem solving and decision-making (SkillsYouNeed, 2011-2017). Social skills are defined as socially acceptable, learned behaviors that enable a person to interact effectively with others and to avoid socially unacceptable response (Takahashi et al., 2015).

According to Shepherd et al., (2010), it can be defined broadly as “those skills which one needs in order to communicate effectively with another person or a group of people”. Interpersonal skills can be divided into five items that rate the person skill in; a) forming and maintaining friendship; b) getting along with people who are different; c) comforting or helping other people; d) expressing feelings, ideas, and opinions in positive ways; and e) showing sensitivity to the feeling of
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A first child enters an environment with two adult parents, so the average intellectual level is high. A second born enters a lower intellectual environment than the first-born, because his older sibling is part of the intellectual environment, and decrease the average intellectual level. A third child enters an even lower intellectual environment than the second born because of two older siblings, etc. Since the intellectual environment declines with birth order, this model predicts a negative relation between birth order this model predicts a negative relation between birth order and educational attainment (de Haan,
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