Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes

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Diabetes is one of the most common diseases, in which the person has high blood glucose, either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body 's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both ("Diabetes with Intranasal Light Therapy – (Mediclights Research Inc", 2016). People with diabetes are at risk for long-term problems affecting the eyes, kidneys, heart, brain, feet, and nerves. The best way to prevent or delay these problems is to control your blood sugar and take good care of yourself. (Roxanne B. Sukol, Kristin Kirkpatrick, Scott Burg, Mark Hyman, & Brooke Gurland, 2012). These problems can be referred to as complications. Sometimes people with diabetes don 't realize that they have the disease until they begin…show more content…
(Codner, 2016) On a healthy patient, the immune system protects the body against infection by identifying and destroying harmful pathogenic substances. But in autoimmune diseases, the immune system attacks the body’s own cells which decrease the body’s defense system as a whole leaving the patient prone to other diseases. In type 1 diabetes, beta cell destruction may take place over several years, but symptoms of the disease usually develop over a short period of time. Type 1 diabetes are most common in children and young adults but can also affect adults of any age. Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas and it’s function is to balance the body 's glucose level. In a type one diabetic patient, the pancreas fails at making insulin and therefore results in activated blood sugar. (Codner, 2016) In order for glucose levels in the body to remained controlled, patients must constantly check their levels throughout the day, determine how much insulin they need to lower their blood sugar and administer the proper amount using a pump or syringe. The dramatic fluctuation in blood sugar level can be extremely dangerous. A low blood glucose results in a condition called hyperglycemia which has symptoms such as, shakiness, confusion, trouble speaking, seizures, coma and even death. A level that is too high results in hyperglycemia which can cause excessive thirst, frequent
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