The Ethical Implications Of Cloning

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Cloning is the process of making copies of individuals that occur in nature such as bacteria, insects, plants, invertebrates or vertebrates. The copy is called clones. Clones are genetically identical to their original parent. Development of cloned animals, which have been genetically engineered to produce valuable proteins in their milk. These have uses in medicine, cloning can also save animals from extinction. Cloning would open doors to even more powerful technologies of human genetic information. However there are ethical concerns about cloning. It limits the variation in population. This is a problem for natural selection if the environment changes. Cloning causes concerns about using technique to clone humans in the future. Moreover…show more content…
Genetic information from one species can be transferred to another species using genetic engineering . Offspring resemble their parents because they contain genetic information passed on to them by their parents .

There are two main methods of animal cloning, embryo cloning and nuclear transfer. Clones produced using the embryos method are not identical to its parents because it is a mix of gene from both parents. Cloning animals through nuclear transfer is unproductive . Studies and experiments show the success rate ranges from 0.1 percent to three percent . In the successful clones, problems tend to arise later during the animal 's development to adulthood.
A developing embryo is removed from a pregnant animal at its early stage, before the embryo has its time to become specialised. The cells then are separated and grown in a reproductive laboratory and then transplanted into host mothers. When the offspring are born they are identical to each other and genetically related to the original pregnant animal however not related to their host mother because they contain different genetic information.

The process of cloning animals through nuclear transfer involves replacing the nucleus of an unfertilised egg with the nucleus from a different cell. The spare nucleus can come from an embryo, but if it is from an adult cell, it is then called adult cell cloning. The procedure involves:
➢ Egg cell
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