Perhaps the reason for such growth in wireless service is the nonstop development of smart phones (Apple’s iphone, Samsung’s Galaxy, RIM’s Black Berry, etc.). The attractiveness of high technology devices helps complimenting the service. The negative growth for voice can be explained by the stable growth for data as it is can be seen as a substitute.
1.1 Non Prioritization schemes: This Scheme  has been employed by the typical radio technologies proposed for the Personal Communication Systems (PCS) operating at the band of 2 GHz. This scheme does not differentiate handoff and initial (new or originating) request calls. As long as, there is a channel available in the cell, either an originating or a handoff call request will be served. If there are not any free channels, the request is blocked immediately.
Over a quite long period prior, telecommunication system has incredible improvements from the wire to wireless phone technology. “The ability to convey information quickly, accurately, and efficiently has always been one of the main focuses driving human innovation. From prehistoric man with their signal fires to the smartphone-wielding high-powered executives of today, communication still remains a key for survival and success.” (The History of Telecommunication) Telecommunications set a worldwide network helping people closer together. Nowadays, there are many firms with good services, such as AT&T, Sprint, PCS, T- Mobile, and Verizon in the US. Among these firms, AT&T is the telecommunicating firm that I would like to mention here about its mobile share value plans. Besides its services and products supplied, the mobile share value plans are one of the major changes of AT&T in 2014. The AT&T’s competitiveness, which is based on its pricing and servicing policies, is to measure against other companies in the Telecommunication Industry market.
With the advent of high technological advancements in the field of telecommunication, it has become necessary to provide full capacity network coverage and high data rates to a user at all places. The research paper will focus on introducing small cells as a solution to the user needs by giving an overview of different kinds of architectures for LTE deployment in small cells and coordination techniques for synchronization between these architectures.
This type of communication is widely used across the United States and other countries for both business and personal usage, because it is among the simplest. Call setup is the way that two telephones can recognize one another and share information via those two lines. This means that SIP understands call setup is the main application layer.
Cellular phone is a wireless and hand-held device that is well known to the public. It is very common to have a cellular phone now a day since cell phone was introduced to the United States in 1983. According to the wireless industryfs trade association, Cellular Communications & Internet Association, there are over 135 million subscribers in the United States at the time of this writing. It estimates that there will be over 200 million cellular phone subscribers in world wide by the year of 2005.
We lived in a remote town near Mumbai in my childhood, where a lack of telephone was a way of life that often enraged me. While growing, I experienced an incredible advent of telecom revolution sparking the radical change, which transformed the state of telecom, thus telephones availability, as well transfigured a way of communication from traditional to the wireless. Moreover, witnessed an incredible growth in cutting-edge innovations of products and services of the technologies, therefore making telecommunication pervasive, have inspired me immensely. Proactively, I explored all avenues of the leading-edge technology to gain a deeper understanding that only led to raising my curiosity further. Thus, urged me to integrate with telecom, hence decided to pursue your program of MS in Telecommunication (ENTS) from the University of Maryland at College Park.
In recent times the world has grown to become a digital world, easily accessible and so is the use of mobile phones. The development and utilization of mobile phones has been increased over the years, Service providers have also found ways to move with this trend. The latest generation of mobile phones usually referred to as “smartphones”, are built with high technology, changing the trend of traditional method of phone communication and replacing it with modern method such as internet calling. Smartphones are now used as Still and video cameras, audio and video players, handheld gaming, the ability to surf the internet and a lot of other applications, all in the palm of your hand. A lot of service providers has been making available services that are readily and easily available to use as to keep up with the ever growing trend for example premium rate services(PRS).
In last few years cellular communication is developed, mobile users are increased and also introduce new features of smart technologies such as virtual environment of data transfer using D2D communications. It performs high speed communication for local cellular networks in approaches - and to minimizing the BS power consumptions as in . The D2D communications proposed for different time slot and same frequency used and carefully managed interference, reducing Base station traffic and minimizing transmission power. The different power saving mechanism in Radio Resource Management (RRM), power control is very important for cellular networks and beneficial to link in adaptation, interference reduction. Depending off on time of day or geographic location BS may be an idle but mobile terminal not negatively affected.
Mobile wireless access networks have evolved from first generation, second generation, third generation, fourth generation and now fifth generation (Umar, 2004). Umar further states that first generation cellular systems used analogue transmission and were
Since the start of the 21st century, there has been a huge development in the mobile data market. TThe quantity of clients and the interest in wireless services has increased. This, as well as the infiltration of mobile services has surpassed that of the power network. There are 48 million individuals on the planet who don 't have electrical power at home but then have cell phones. According to ITU estimations, web customers expanded to be around 2.7 billion towards the end of 2013, around 40% of the total populace, though mobile cellular users are near 7 billion, with the mobile broadband being the most dynamic market with 2.1 billion subscribers. This extraordinary surge of mobile data traffic in the cell business has encouraged communications administrators and specialists to incraese both the achievable throughput and the spectral efficiency (SE) yet have overlooked the venergy consumption factor and
The operators are using better modulation schemes , better coding rate, multi antenna technique for increased throughput and efficiency. But this alone will not suffice as the resources are limited and there are near far problems associated with a macro cell.
Mobile telephone call: A mobile device initiates a call by sending the number of the called device on the preselected setup channel. In this process, the the mobile device firstly checks whether the setup channel is idle by examining information that comes from the BS channel. If it finds that the setup channel is idle, the mobile device may transmit the information of number to the BS. The BS then sends the request to the MTSO.
To avoid this situation, a simulation study will be carried on using as parameters: the future in-home data demands with the future femtocell voice and data demands, the different proposed