The Most Common Motivational Management Theories

2274 Words10 Pages
Motivational management seems straightforward at first, until you take into consideration all the different elements that encompass a successful business. In order to keep a company in the forefront of its market as well as retaining quality employees, managers need to be aware of all these elements. They range from the sociological, demographic, economic and psychological state of the community or individual at a point in time. That is to say that what motivated employees in the early 20th century does not necessarily motivate them in the 21st century. For a manager to create a work environment that is conducive to success it is necessary to learn all of the different theories that surround the skill of motivating employees. It is also necessary to stay in contact with the current social and economic conditions of the individuals that one manages. We will review the most common motivational management theories that date back from the 1940 's and review how they can still apply today. One might think that with the global market, telecommuting and the e-leaders coming of age that these theories may not apply anymore. Application of these theories with e-leaders is proving, thus far, to be successful. Let 's begin by looking at the four main perspectives, each containing its own set of theories: 1) Content - emphasizes the needs that motivate workers 2) Process - thoughts by which people decide how to act 3) Design - division of work and application of motivational
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