What Are The Theories Of Motivation?

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Motivation can be defined in many ways. In the oxford dictionary Motivation is explained as a reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way. There are so many ways of motivating people as I have discovered by all the motivation theories that have been thought by people all over the world. Some of the theories are very different to each other as lots of people have different opinions. For manager it is so important they understand how motivation works as they want to get the best work out of their employees. If the managers can’t motivate their employees there work commitment will not be great and this could have very bad effects for the business. The two theories that I will discuss are the reversal theory and the vrooms
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Vroom's expectancy theory assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and to minimize pain.(www.yourcoach.be) An expectancy theory is a process theory which argues that individual motivation depends on the valence of outcomes, the expectancy that effort will lead to good performance and the instrumentality of performance in producing valued outcomes. (A.Buchanan, p. 251). Vroom suggested that individual, acting through self-interest adopt courses of action perceived as maximizing the probability of desirable outcomes for themselves. (Robert G. Isaac p212). Vroom based his theory on three main variable which Valence, instrumentality, and Expectancy. It can also be known as the VIE theory which stands for Valence, instrumentality, and expectancy.
Valence: This the importance the person places on the expected outcome. For example, if a person is motivated by enjoying their job and having good job satisfaction they may not be motivated by extra money to move job.
Instrumentality: This is based on a belief if a person performs very well in their job a valued outcome will be received. For example, if I sell a certain number of computers my employee may give me a bonus as a
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