The Position Analysis Of A Worker Oriented Approach For Gathering And Analyzing Job Information

1540 WordsOct 28, 20157 Pages
Literature Review The position analysis questionnaire is the most widely applied job analysis instrument, adapting a worker-oriented approach to gathering and analyzing job information. The purpose of the PAQ is to identify general job characteristics, and is primarily employed by human resource and personnel functions of organizations (Aamodt, 2012). The PAQ is not used by human resource functions for operational purposes, such as wok design or training programs, due to its generalized perspective on job analysis. However, the prime applications of PAQ extend towards recruitment and selection, job grading, and career development. As organizations engage with vast amounts of applicants for job openings or position replacements, the PAQ allows capturing of the candidate’s job skill level and job characteristics (Schuler, Farr and Smith, 2013). This information allows matching of required elements with the employment opportunity, and so validly predicts to some extent the suitability of applicants. The PAQ is also used for job grading purposes, referring to the practice of undertaking comparisons between applicant and employees (Noyes, 2001). Thus, PAQ results can aid in setting standards, useful in benchmarking the skills and knowledge of candidates. PAQ’s application to career development purposes entails the analyzing of job characteristics to evaluate future potential and relatedness to senior level positions (Guion and Highhouse, 2006). As PAQ is designed to generalize

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