The Psychoanalytic Theory Of Human Development Research

1074 Words Jul 20th, 2016 5 Pages
Introduction Developmental Psychology is a concentrated study on the constancy and change that occurs throughout the lifespan. Initially being constrained to infants and children, it has now been extended to include a wider range of a person’s lifespan (Berk, 2014, p. 3). This field studies topics like the theoretical perspective theories that are used in human development research. The Psychoanalytic perspective theory focuses on the emotional and social development, Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental theory accents the changes in thinking, while the Behaviorism and Social Learning and the Lifespan perspective discuss many aspects on human functioning (p. 21). These theories allow for a different point of view on development while regarding relative influence of nature and nurture.
Psychoanalytic
The Psychoanalytic theory suggests that people move through a series of stages while encountering conflicts between biological drives and social expectations. The person’s ability to learn, get along with others and to cope with anxiety is determined by how the person resolves those conflicts. Regarding nature and nurture, both seem to be a relative influence on the Psychoanalytic perspective based on Sigmund Freud, founder of the psychoanalytic movement. While working with emotionally troubled adults, Freud focused on the unconscious motivations of the patients and created the psychosexual theory, which incorporates three parts of the personality, the id, ego and…
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