The ' Sipahis ' : Between The Independence And Loyalty

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Chapter 2
The ‘Sipahis’: Between the Independence and Loyalty

By the end of 1942, India was witnessing a political drift in the struggle for Independence. The chapter tries to relate the political unrest in India and the problems it brought for the Indian Army who at that time was contributing their men and officers in the Second World War for Britain. The Fall of Singapore again posed the question of loyalty amongst the Indian ‘Sipahis’ who were either captured by the Japanese Army or retreated back. The formation of ‘Indian National Army’ by ‘Subhas Chandra Bose’ whose motive was to support the Japanese Army against the British Forces, with the aim of attaining Independence through military expeditions over India. This brought Indian men and officers who were on one side fighting with British forces and on the other side the Indian men and officers who were part of Indian National Army with the Japanese Army. On both sides the Indian ‘Sipahis’ fighting were having the same, Independence of India but with two different ideologies. The chapter also discusses about the social and political unrest from 1942 to end of the Second World War in 1945.
1.1 Congress and the War Threats (1939-1940)

India being the part of The British Empire through efforts of Civil Disobedience tried to gain Constitutional methods of reforms. The Government of India Act of 1935 passed by the British Parliament sought to satisfy the demands of Indian people. This Act provided Indians to share power

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