The United States

1267 WordsSep 30, 20156 Pages
Following nearly six decades of severed diplomatic relations, President Obama announced in September 2015 that the United States would loosen a variety of economic restrictions on Cuba. This announcement came in the wake of a “diplomatic thaw” beginning in December 2014 with the intention of normalizing political, social, and economic relations between the two nations. While Cuba remains under restrictions imposed by the 1960 Cuban Embargo, the steps taken by the Obama administration represent a critical step forward in ensuring a stable Cuba. In the following paper I argue that the actions of the United States as a Unipole have the possibility to follow two separate trajectories. When viewed through the realist perspective of Ikenberry, the United States would benefit from normalized relations through American investment in Cuban businesses while stimulating economic growth through free trade and advancing the spread of democracy. Alternatively, the constructivist theory outlined by Finnemore would put the United States at an impasse. Though legitimization through the support of the Vatican and Canada increases the likelihood of a successful long-term diplomatic relationship, enduring U.S hypocrisy on human rights violations; namely the United States condemnation of free speech repression in Cuba while simultaneously operating the Guantanamo Bay Detention Facility, potentially impedes efforts towards diplomacy. Realist theory dictates that foreign policy should focus on

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