The Vesicles Transport Hormones, Enzymes, and Chemicals Essay

1024 Words 5 Pages
The human body is a complex structure that contains billions and billions of small living cells. Each of these cells houses many structures that function together to run the body. Some of these structures are the endoplasmic reticulum, the nucleus, the mitochondria, lysosomes, the cell membrane and many more. Scientists were able to explain the processes in which most of these structures carry out to run the body, but it wasn’t until this year, 2013, that the scientific world was introduced to the process in which small cellular bodies called vesicles transport hormones, enzymes and other chemicals through out the cell. The 2013 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology was awarded to three researchers

who used their knowledge and
…show more content…
The human body is a complex structure that contains billions and billions of small living cells. Each of these cells houses many structures that function together to run the body. Some of these structures are the endoplasmic reticulum, the nucleus, the mitochondria, lysosomes, the cell membrane and many more. Scientists were able to explain the processes in which most of these structures carry out to run the body, but it wasn’t until this year, 2013, that the scientific world was introduced to the process in which small cellular bodies called vesicles transport hormones, enzymes and other chemicals through out the cell. The 2013 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology was awarded to three researchers

who used their knowledge and discoveries to explain the mechanisms that allow small vesicles to transport hormones and enzymes throughout the cell. These researchers are James E. Rothman, Randy Schekman and Thomas Sudhof.1 James E. Rothman is a professor in the Department of Chemistry and Cell Biology at Yale University. Rothman received his Bachelor of Arts Degree from Yale University in 1971 and his PhD from Harvard University in 1976.2 Randy Schekman, on the other hand, is a professor in the Department of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University of California at Berkeley3. Lastly, Thomas Sudhof is a professor in the Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology at the Stanford School of Medicine4. Before this discovery, scientists knew the basic facts about

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