This Literature Review Examines Intimate Partner Violence

2914 WordsMar 4, 201712 Pages
This literature review examines intimate partner violence perpetrated by males upon their female partners. Partner relationships will be those defined as a family including heterosexual partners bound by legal marriage as well as those cohabitating or common-law within the same household. Basis for this review is built upon an analysis of five scholarly and five non-scholarly works. IPV will be defined and referred to throughout this review based on the 2012 World Health Organization’s definition, “IPV refers to any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological, or sexual harm to those in the relationship,” (WHO, 2012). The Family The family is the oldest and most common social relationship, identifying…show more content…
Accordingly to Statistics Canada IPV “accounts for one of every four violent crimes reported to the police,” in 2011 (Sinha, 2013) representing 95,000 victims; 49% representative of abuse by current or former spouse, of which 80% of the victims were female (44,800 persons). By Canadian standards the number of IPC incidences within the Unite States are staggering. Based on 2010 statistics compiled by the Center for Disease Control, “35.6% of women in the United States have experienced rape, physical violence and/or stalking by an intimate partner in their lifetime” (Black, et al., 2011). Theories about IPV Within the literature consulted, no one reason or cause of IPV is agreed upon. Instead, numerous theories propose why such violence occurs. Barbara A. Mitchell notes, “theories range from blaming the perpetrator to placing responsibility on social structure,” (page #) faulting a series of causalities. Three categorical theories propose IPV results due to 1) individual pathology; 2) learned behaviours; or 3) a by-product of environmental stressors (Mitchell, 2012). Each of which containing models or theories further elaborating upon potential causes of IPV. Attributing personality traits, biological or physiological elements associated within genetics, to parental behaviours witness and modelled (Social Learning Theory), or “environmental triggers of stressors” (Mitchell, 2012, p. 344). Mitchel discusses an ecological
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