Types And Types Of Insulin

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Pancreas, an organ that sits behind the stomach, releases hormones into the digestive system. In a healthy body, when the glucose level gets too high, special cells in the pancreas called the beta cells release Insulin. Insulin is a hormone which causes cells to take in the glucose and use it as energy or store it as fat. Diabetes, a lifelong metabolism disorder causes high blood sugar levels.
There are three major types of Diabetes-
1. Type-1 diabetes-
It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and kills the beta cells in pancreas resulting in no or very little production of insulin in body. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood instead of being used as energy. Type -1 diabetes generally develops in childhood or adolescence but can also develop in adulthood. Type-1 diabetes has to be always treated with Insulin.
2. Type-2 diabetes-
Type-2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot properly use the insulin that is released in the body or does not make enough insulin. It more often develops in adults. Type 2 diabetes may be managed through physical activity and meal planning or may also require medications and/ or insulin to control the blood glucose in body.
3. Gestational diabetes-
It is a condition that women can get when they are in the second trimester of pregnancy. About 4 percent of all the pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. Unlike Type1 and Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes may disappear after the baby is born.
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