Unknown Report On Microbiology And The Epidemiology Of An Organism

3507 Words15 Pages
Kelsey Nolte
Microbiology
Otero Junior College
Mr. McClure
Fall Semester 2014
Unknown Report
Introduction
The definition of Microbiology is the branch of science that deals with microorganisms. Microorganisms are very small organisms that require the use of a micro scope to visualize them, which are bacterium, viruses, fungi (the most common) and others which are not so common such as parasites. Microorganisms are an essential element to the field of microbiology because it allows researchers in the field to find specific illness caused by a specific organism, cures for illnesses, medicine, history of an organism, and the epidemiology of an organism.
In the year 1665 an English scientist, Robert Hooke built the microscope and observed slices of cork and came up with the name cells to describe the arrangement of small box spaces within the cork. It wasn’t until Anton van Leeuwenhoek, that observed living organisms under a microscope, which he built and had a power of 300X. Leeuwenhoek was amazed by the fact of being able to view “animalcules”; he would sab a sample of water making people sick and samples of his own mouth. Over the years he would have viewed all the major organisms of microbiology, such as; protozoa, algae, yeast, fungi and bacteria in spherical, rod and spiral shapes. Leeuwenhoek did not sell his microscope or foster the development/ study of microbiology It was not until the later scientists who discovered the germ theory(Theodor Schwann), Redi,

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