The drive reduction theory is based off of the idea that we all have physical needs and drives. First of all, we all have physical needs such as food and water. We also all have both primary and secondary drives that make us want to fulfill a need. Primary drives related to our physical needs such as, hunger and thirst. While acquired drives are drives that we learn over our lifetime from people around us such as wanting to have a fancy car or lots of money. The drive reduction theory states that humans want to reduce drives that cause our needs so that we can return a state of balance called homeostasis. In my life, I often see the drive for sleep making me go to bed. When I am tired after a long day of school and work, I am tired and want
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Introduction: I’m sure everyone likes sleep. Everyone needs sleep to keep the least bit active through out there day. Sleep is an important factor for your body to restore energy. Sleeping is a time to rest your body from all the hard work you have done. It is relaxing so deeply that you lose consciousness of your surroundings.
This also falls in the school systems hand to where they set an unreasonable time causing kids to wake up earlier. Getting to bed at a disobliging time after doing hours of school, homework, and other activities is very hard when you also want to be active in the things you do because many still have a social life and want to spend time with family or friends. These many hours of going to school and then returning home to continue doing schoolwork is rough. While also trying your best, it is very hard to maintain sleep and stay aware in your
Different age groups of people require different hours of sleep. Children and adolescents require nine to eleven hours of sleep per day. Adults need 7-9 hours, yet some people feel better sleeping lesser hours even with those guidelines. It is true that alcohol helps people sleep faster, but sleep is disrupted once the level which is in the blood starts to fall. It might lead to waking up and difficulties to fall back to sleep. It is true that depression and anxiety may lead to lead to insomnia but for a short time. People should understand that insomnia is not only brought by depression, but chronic pain, bad side-effects of a particular medication, worries and stress are also known to cause long-term insomnia (Okun et al., 2009). Depression and anxiety should not keep an individual awake for a long time but only for a short time. Additionally, the myth that it is right the lie in bed sleepless is not true. Everyone requires sleep during the day or at night, and it is necessary for the body and the brain to function properly. Notably, sleep is good for relaxing the brain in adults and in children, sleep is important for development (Szelenberger, 2006). One should not be fooled that sleep is not necessary, but those people with insomnia should practice relaxation techniques for them to fall asleep. It is true that people tend to sleep few hours as they
Humans are very abnormal creatures. We are in a day and age where it is acceptable to become so consumed by work and other activities, that we sometimes deny ourselves of one of the most necessary functions. That function is sleep and it is a very vital component that us humans love to neglect ourselves of.
Then there are the others, the ones who this happens to constantly, night after night, sometimes even being so exhausted that you still can't sleep. I have been in both of those situations and let me tell you, it sucks....terribly. I have compiled some ideas that i have tried and worked for me, maybe they might help you! Adults typically need 6-8 hours of sleep a night. To find out what time you need to go to bed to achieve this count backwards from the time you need to get up. Ex : If you need to get up at 6am, 5 4 3 2 1 12 11 10, then you need to go to bed between 10 and 12. Routine: Setting up a routine that you do before you go to bed gets your mind ready for bed too. Wind down with some hot tea ( decaf of course!! ), there are a ton of flavors and types out there ( my favorite is peach tranquility, from teavana, but any kind will work, you don't have to go with a loose tea.).If you don't like tea, find something warm to drink that is decaf, maybe warm milk. Sit down and relax while you drink it, preferably somewhere comfortable and soft, not your bed though, couch or a lounge chair. NO TV or COMPUTER!!! I will repeat, do not use your computer or watch tv, both of these keep your mind from wanting to fall asleep, it keeps your mind active and will cause you to toss and turn for hours! Change into your bed
I can 't sleep; I lay their awake for hours at time, my workday just drag on without being able to accomplish my work in a timely manor. My boss doesn 't know and the lack of sleep is going to get me a poor review. I want to go out tonight but I’m just too tired, I need to sleep. This is the effect of insomnia, statements like these cause people to search out a solution to the problem. Some will turn prescription drugs others will turn to therapy to find the answer that will work for them. Insomnia is a condition that can cause serious problem in all areas of life not
This article written by Dave Stuart and named “Teachers, Students, and Sleep” discusses how sleep changes the motivation and drive in a student. More specifically what to do to cure the tiredness. It also talks about the melatonin and gives tips and tricks on what not to do and what to do before you go to sleep.
Drive reduction theory is a theory that states: a physiological need creates a drive, or an aroused tension state, which motivates an organism to satisfy a need. The main goal of this theory is for the organism to retain homeostasis. To sum it up, if an organism has a lack of a need, the brain is going to do what it can do to be able to restore the body to a steady internal state A.K.A homeostasis. For example Joe is starving and this is a drive that causes him to want to eat and not concentrate. Because his brain wants to retain homeostasis, it does everything possible to get him back to homeostasis.
For humans, sleep patterns are regulated by human circadian clocks on a 24-hour time schedule. This regulator is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the human brain. Our human circadian clock notifies us that we should be sleepy at night and awake and alert during the day. It is when this clock doesn't function well we must add supplements such as Melatonin (Golombek DA). The human body is naturally programmed to sleep at a certain time and wake up at a certain time. Several people have trouble sleeping at night due to various problems. These problems range "from sleeping illnesses including but not limited to insomnia, stress and sleep deprivation due to studying, partying and caffeine. Human bodies are designed in such a way that we release Melatonin naturally in certain amounts varying upon the time of day. It has been seen that recently more and more individuals are suffering from not being able to sleep properly at night due to their circadian clocks failing to regulate their sleep-wake patterns.
“Insomnia is the inability to obtain adequate amount or quality of sleep. The difficulty can be with falling asleep, remaining asleep, or both” (“Insomnia Encyclopedia“). Sleeping is a major point in physically and mentally restoring yourself for the tasks ahead. Most people say that about eight hours of sleep is an adequate amount, however it differs from person to person depending on their sex, age, and health conditions. An estimated one-third of the population suffers from some form of insomnia. “In recent studies, a survey reported that 30% of American women and 20% of American men took medication to help them sleep during the course of a year” (“Insomnia”). The medications these people took are called
Sleep is an integral part of live and we cannot function without it. Despite knowing this very well, many people try to anyway. I remember the 3rd quarter of my freshman year, my classmates and I had been given a lot of schoolwork. I remember upperclassmen making jokes to us about how they had gone through phases of ‘not sleeping’ where they would basically live off caffeine and a use a whole slew of other tactics to minimize the amount of sleep they got in order to keep up with their work. During these times my classmates and I would host sessions of “3 AM club”, where we would stay up till the eponymous time as a class and
We spend one third of our lives doing it, and yet, some of us never seem to be able to get enough. People all over the world don’t receive enough sleep whether it’s from a medical condition like narcolepsy, or simply not having enough time in a day. The effects of getting a good night’s rest are essential and signs of sleep depravation are not as hard to spot as one may think.
The first was drive or the want for something, the second is cue meaning noticing something, the third is response meaning the person must act on that drive and cue, and the final was reward which means that after the person has responded to their drive and cue, they will feel a rewarded (Coon, 2010). As well as those four factors, Dollard and Miller discussed their version of Hull’s drive reduction hypothesis as drive-reduction theory of reward (Coon, 2010). In their book, Personality and Psychotherapy, Miller and Dollard also researched the stimulus-response reinforcement theory. While they were researching this theory, Miller and Dollard used a laxer version of this theory to analyze the human personality and everything that it consists of (Bower, 2011). In order to gain a better understanding of this theory in terms of personality, psychotherapy and psychoneuroses, Miller and Dollard incorporated ideas of Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis. (Bower,
This theory states that one cannot learn unless there is a drive that forces one into action to produce some kind of reward. This satisfies the drive and reduces the psychological or physiological need. (Drive Reduction Theory, 2011). An example of a psychological need is a desire for love. One will seek out others to be a part of one’s life. An example of a physiological need is hunger. One will look for food when hungry.
Chapter ten is about motivation and emotion, this are two main parts of why we do what we do. Without motivation we won’t want to do anything complicated or to challenge our self to do something else. Also, you can see motivation as a type of reward because you do something to reach the objective and that is the motivation you need. The drive-reduction theory explores how physiological needs aroused tension states that direct us to satisfy those needs, this mean that when we need something we are motivated to reach that something and satisfy our need. In this part also enter the hierarchy of needs, because we cannot satisfy all our need at the same time and for this reason we prioritize our needs.