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Consider a one-period economy which experiences the destruction of some of the nation’s capital stock (say through a hurricane is de- stroyed). How should this effect equilibrium, consumption, output and labor supply? Now, let’s say the government tries to offset some of the declines in capital on output and hours worked by increasing govern- ment spending. What is the likely outcome of this policy intervention in terms of consumption? In our model, the affects of changes on wages are ambiguous because the income and substitution effects move in opposite directions. How do (many) macroeconomists deal with this ambiguity in terms of study- ing business cycle? How do economists resolve this ambiguity when studying long term economic development? Consider an economy with a straight line PPF. Show how an increase in government spending paid for by an increase in lump sum labor taxes affects outcomes. Do the same for an increase in government spending financed by a proportional income tax. Explain, by add of a graph as well as an explanation, why one of these will have larger welfare effects for the same increase in government spending.

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  1. Consider a one-period economy which experiences the destruction of some of the nation’s capital stock (say through a hurricane is de- stroyed). How should this effect equilibrium, consumption, output and labor supply? Now, let’s say the government tries to offset some of the declines in capital on output and hours worked by increasing govern- ment spending. What is the likely outcome of this policy intervention in terms of consumption?

  2. In our model, the affects of changes on wages are ambiguous because the income and substitution effects move in opposite directions. How do (many) macroeconomists deal with this ambiguity in terms of study- ing business cycle? How do economists resolve this ambiguity when studying long term economic development?

  3. Consider an economy with a straight line PPF. Show how an increase in government spending paid for by an increase in lump sum labor taxes affects outcomes. Do the same for an increase in government spending financed by a proportional income tax. Explain, by add of a graph as well as an explanation, why one of these will have larger welfare effects for the same increase in government spending.

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