Question
Asked Oct 28, 2019
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B. If the spring constant is k = 2.2 N/m, can you find the mass of the cart? If you can do it, give the answer here. If you can't, put 0.
m = _______ kg

The simple mass on a spring is the basis for our description of almost any oscillation. Let’s consider the vibrational states of a simple diatomic molecule, say N2. We will model it as two identical masses connected by a spring as shown in the figure at the top right.

This is a little different from the cart on a spring since there is no wall -- both of the atoms are moving. But if we only look at oscillations of the molecule where the center of mass is not moving, the atoms are moving equally and oppositely. When one is going left, the other goes an equal amount to the right and vice versa. This is like two carts attached to a wall and oscillating equally and oppositely as shown in the lower picture. The only difference is the way we treat the spring. When each atom moves a distance x, the spring between the atoms actually stretches a distance 2x, so the force on each atom is -2kx. We can therefore model the motion of one of the nitrogen atoms as a single “cart on a spring” if we replace k by 2k.
 

C. If the angular frequency of oscillation of N2 is found to be 4.5 x 1018 rad/s, and the mass of a single nitrogen atom is 2.3 x 10-26 kg, find the effective spring constant between the two atoms. (Give your answer in N/nm, since nanometers is a more appropriate scale for atoms than meters.)
k =  _______ N/nm

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Expert Answer

Step 1

B)

The expression for force with respect to spring constant,

 

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F -kx ..(I) та--kx

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Step 2

Expression one can be re-written to find m thus, w...

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k m= 2 2.2N/m -0.223kg 2

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