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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

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FIGURE 10.10 Igneous rocks are distinguished on the basis of texture (crystal size) and whether their mineral composition is mafic, felsic, or intermediate. Rocks that cool rapidly, at or near Earth’s surface, have fine (small) crystals. Those that cool slowly, deep beneath the surface, have coarse crystalline texture (large crystals).

How does basalt differ from granite?

To determine

The way in which basalt differs from granite.

Explanation

Granite is a coarse-grained, felsic (“fel” denotes “feldspar”; “si” denotes “silica”), intrusive igneous rock, rich in low density and light-colored minerals such as silicon and aluminum. Granite consists of visible interlocking mineral crystals that differ in color, composition, and size, giving the rock its distinctive appearance. Granites contain coarse crystals as it is cools slowly and formed deep beneath the surface. Its volcanic rock equivalent is rhyolite...

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