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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 1

As a result of the insufficient amount of pulmonary surfactant, the pathologic processes of a common newborn respiratorydisease called _______ developed.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The blank space in the statement, “As a result of the insufficient amount of pulmonary surfactant, the pathologic processes of a common newborn respiratory disease called _________ developed.”

Introduction:

The pulmonary surfactant is a mixture of proteins and lipids, which is secreted by epithelial cells into the alveolar space. Surfactants lower the surface tension within the alveoli of the lung. The traces of pulmonary surfactant begin to appear during fetal development, after the 28th week of the gestation period. A fetus born between 24 and 26 weeks may survive, with intensive neonatal care.

Please refer to Clinical Application Case-1 for further information.

Explanation

The most common cause of respiratory failure in preterm babies is respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). A baby born before 38 weeks of gestation is termed as a preterm or premature baby. Approximately half of the babies born between 26 and 28 weeks of gestation develop respiratory distress syndrome...

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