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The Practice of Social Research (M...

14th Edition
Earl R. Babbie
ISBN: 9781305104945

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BuyFindarrow_forward

The Practice of Social Research (M...

14th Edition
Earl R. Babbie
ISBN: 9781305104945
Textbook Problem

To explore the strengths and weaknesses of experiments, surveys, and field research, choose a general research area (such as prejudice, political orientation, education) and write brief descriptions of studies in that area that could be conducted using each of these three methods. In each case, explain why the chosen method is the most appropriate for the study you describe.

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

Experiments test relationships between variables to establish cause and effect. Surveys are inexpensive ways to gather large amounts of data in a relatively short amount of time. Field research is a more hands-on approach in which the researcher is among subjects, getting to know their living conditions and observing behaviors in context. Education is a general research area that would benefit from multiple approaches to research.

Explanation

Answer and explanation:

(This question requires a subjective answer, this is an example.)

In education, a survey could be used to gather information from a large number of people about which methods of classroom management they prefer, or to elicit data to create an amalgam of what school administrators could do to produce a positive environment for teachers and students. The strength of this method is in the large amount of data that can be gathered relatively quickly and inexpensively. For example, the survey could be distributed electronically through social media or email.

Experiments are more difficult to use in studying education because parents may not want to have their child involved in an experiment that may show a particular method is not effective...

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