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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

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FIGURE 11.17 Left-lateral strike-slip movement along the boundary between the North American and Caribbean plates caused the 7.0-magnitude quake in Haiti in 2010. Most of the homes in this southern Haitian city, Jacmel, were destroyed.

What factors contributed to the large death toll from this earthquake?

To determine

The factors that contributed to the large death toll from the earthquake in the accompanying photograph.

Explanation

An earthquake occurred in Haiti in 2010 with a magnitude of 7.0, which killed nearly 225,000, incapacitated 300,000, and displaced 1.3 million people. Left-lateral strike-slip movement along the boundary between the North American and Caribbean plates caused this earthquake. Majority of the houses were destroyed in Jacmel, a southern Haitian city.

The effect of an earthquake on public and their properties depends on many factors. Some of the most important factors relate to the probability of structural collapse and the number of individuals potentially affected by such collapses.

The factors that influence the structural collapse include the position of earthquake epicenter relative to the centers of population, construction materials and methods, and the stability of Earth materials on which structures are established.

In 1992, a powerful tremor of magnitude 7.5 that hit the Mojave Desert of Southern California caused minor loss of life due to the scarce settlement

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