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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

Run, Kristen, Run

Kristen, who was active in competitive sports throughout high school, has decided to run a marathon with some of her college friends. She is 25 years old, 5 foot, 8 inches tall, and weighs 135 pounds. She eats all sorts of foods, likes fruits and vegetables, but tries to avoid greasy foods. She says coffee is her downfall—she drinks 4–6 cups a day. She doesn’t like sweets, although she keeps ice cream in her freezer. A family history notes that her mother needed angioplasty to treat occluded arteries shortly after menopause and that her father is not at risk for any chronic conditions. Although she would eventually like to have children, Kristen is not pregnant now.

An analysis of a 24-hour dietary recall shows the following:

2090 calories

352 g carbohydrate (67% of calories)

41 g total fiber

98 g protein (19% of calories)

33 g fat (14% of calories)

(7 g saturated fat, 1 g trans fat, 1.5 g omega-3 fatty acid, 99 mg cholesterol)

3343 mg sodium

34 mg iron

958 g calcium

117 mcg vitamin A

158 mg vitamin C

0.5 mcg vitamin D

7.4 IU vitamin E

1548 mcg folic acid

283 mg choline

Is she eating enough to support daily workouts?

Summary Introduction

To determine: Whether Person K’s eating is enough to support her daily workouts.

Introduction: Resting energy expenditure (REE) is defined as the amount of energy expended by a person during a non-active period (at rest). Wearable devices such as wrist bands can monitor real-time energy expenditure with variable accuracy in association with a mobile application.

Explanation

Person K who is 25 years old has a weight of 135 pounds (61.23 kg) and a height of 5 foot 8 inches (172.72 cm). During her high school, she actively participated in various competitive sports. Also, she decided to run a marathon with some of her college friends. Usually, she eats all varieties of fruits and vegetables and tries to avoid greasy foods.  Daily, she used to drink around 4-6 cups of coffee. She does not like sweets. Her mother requires angioplasty in order to treat occluded arteries just after menopause and also her father is not at any risk under any chronic conditions. Person K is not pregnant although she wishes to have children.

No, Person K is not eating enough to support her daily workouts. Person K has a weight of 135 pounds (61.23 kg) and a height of 5 feet 8 inches. (172.72 cm). Then, the REE of Kristen is calculated as follows:

REE=(10×wt)+(6.25×ht)(5×age)161=612

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