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Chapter 16, Problem 1E

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Chemistry: Structure and Propertie...

2nd Edition
Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780134293936

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: Structure and Propertie...

2nd Edition
Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780134293936
Interpretation Introduction

To determine:

The problem to burn strong acid with strong base

Answer

Solution:

The burning of strong acid with string base causes serious harm to the human body, mass and tissues.

Explanation

The strong acids always try to deprotonate and it usually burn the skin or tissue of a human body on contact. Similarly the strong bases always attract the acid to get neutralise. On contact of these two the reaction happens to form a salt and water as shown below with lots of heat energy in terms of enthalpy (ΔH).

Example:

i) The reaction between strong acid like HCl and strong base like NHO and water on reaction with enthalpy (ΔH) -58 KJ/mol

HCl+NaOH=Nacl+H2O

ii) The reaction between strong acid like H2SO4and strong base like KOH forms K2SO4and water on reaction with enthalpy (ΔH) -55.9 KJ/mol

H2SO2+KOH= K2SO4+H2O

Conclusion

Thus the reaction of strong acid with strong base forms a lot of heat and if the reaction occurs at high temperature i.e. in burning condition it will explosive.

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