How much money do you keep in cash or checkable deposits on a typical day? Under the following conditions, would you increase or decrease your demand for money? Also identify whether the condition affects your transactions demand, precautionary demand, or speculative demand. a. Your salary doubles. b. The rate of interest on bonds and other assets falls. c. An automated teller machine (ATM) is installed next door, and you have an ATM card. d. Bond prices are expected to rise. e. You are paid each week instead of monthly.

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MACROECONOMICS FOR TODAY

10th Edition
Tucker
Publisher: CENGAGE L
ISBN: 9781337613057
BuyFind

MACROECONOMICS FOR TODAY

10th Edition
Tucker
Publisher: CENGAGE L
ISBN: 9781337613057

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 16, Problem 1SQP
Textbook Problem

How much money do you keep in cash or checkable deposits on a typical day? Under the following conditions, would you increase or decrease your demand for money? Also identify whether the condition affects your transactions demand, precautionary demand, or speculative demand.

  1. a. Your salary doubles.
  2. b. The rate of interest on bonds and other assets falls.
  3. c. An automated teller machine (ATM) is installed next door, and you have an ATM card.
  4. d. Bond prices are expected to rise.
  5. e. You are paid each week instead of monthly.

Expert Solution
To determine

The three motives of demand for money.

Explanation of Solution

People hold money mainly for transaction purpose, precautionary purpose, and speculative purpose. The amount of holding money depends not only on the rate of interest but also on the price. Demand for money and interest rate are inversely related because when the rate of interest increases, the opportunity cost of holding money also increases and vice versa. If the price increases, people will hold more money and if the price decreases, people will hold less amount of cash.

Option (a):

The demand for money for the purpose of three motives (transaction motive, precautionary motive, and speculative motive) is positively related with the income. When the income level increases, the transaction demand for money, precautionary demand for money, and speculative demand for money also increase and vice versa.

Option (b):

The demand for money for transaction motive and precautionary motive is positively related with the interest rate. Speculative motive is negatively related with the interest rate. The purchase of bonds and other assets are related with the transaction motive. Thus, decreasing the interest rate on bonds and other assets leads to reduce the demand for money to spend on (purchase) bonds and other assets.

Option (c):

When an automated teller machine is installed near a person, the demand for holding money for transaction and precautionary motive decreases because money is available at any time and hence, there is no necessity to keep money and also, the person gets an amount of interest.

Option (d):

Demand for money and bond price are positively related. If there is a higher rate of interest, the opportunity cost of money holding declines and hence, people hold less amount of money and thus, the bond price decreases. If the interest rate falls, the price of bond increases.

Option (e):

People always hold money mainly for transaction motive, precautionary motive, and speculative motive. When a person gets income on weekly basis instead of monthly basis, then it is not necessary to keep more money. Thus, the transaction demand for money and precautionary demand for money decrease.

Economics Concept Introduction

Demand for money: Demand for money refers to the amount of money that households and firms desire to hold at different nominal interest rates.

Opportunity cost: Opportunity cost refers to the benefits given up in the process of obtaining some other benefits.

Transaction demand for money: Transaction demand for money is the holding of money to meet the everyday expenses of a person.

Precautionary demand for money: Precautionary demand for money is the amount of money held by a person for contingency purpose.

Speculative demand for money: Speculative demand for money is the money held by people to take advantage from change in the price of bonds and other assets.

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Chapter 16 Solutions

MACROECONOMICS FOR TODAY
Ch. 16.A - Assume the economy is operating at a real GDP...Ch. 16.A - Assume the economy is experiencing an inflationary...Ch. 16.A - Assume the economy is in short-run equilibrium at...Ch. 16.A - A policy to do nothing and allow the economy to...Ch. 16.A - Assume the economy is experiencing a recessionary...Ch. 16.A - Assuming the economy is in a recession, Keynesian...Ch. 16.A - Assume the economy is in short-run equilibrium at...Ch. 16.A - Assume the economy is experiencing an inflationary...Ch. 16.A - In part (a) of Exhibit A-3, the economy is...Ch. 16.A - Assume that the economy depicted in part (a) of...Ch. 16.A - In part (b) of Exhibit A-3, the economy is...Ch. 16.A - Assume that the economy depicted in part (b) of...Ch. 16 - How much money do you keep in cash or checkable...Ch. 16 - What are the basic motives for the transactions...Ch. 16 - Suppose a bond pays annual interest of 80. Compute...Ch. 16 - Using the demand and supply schedule for money...Ch. 16 - Assume you are the chair of the Federal Reserve...Ch. 16 - A monetarist investigator might say that the sewer...Ch. 16 - What is the quantity theory of money, and what...Ch. 16 - Exhibit 6 shows the monetarist monetary policy...Ch. 16 - Explain the difference between the Keynesian and...Ch. 16 - Based on the quantity theory of money, what would...Ch. 16 - Suppose the investment demand curve is a vertical...Ch. 16 - Why is the shape of the aggregate supply curve...Ch. 16 - The demand for money that households keep for...Ch. 16 - The quantity of money held in response to interest...Ch. 16 - The speculative demand for money a. varies...Ch. 16 - Other things being equal, the quantity of money...Ch. 16 - A decrease in the interest rate, other things...Ch. 16 - Which of the following statements is true? a. The...Ch. 16 - In Exhibit 11, assume an equilibrium with an...Ch. 16 - According to Keynesians, an increase in the money...Ch. 16 - While the classicists believed that both velocity...Ch. 16 - In Exhibit 12, when the money supply increases...Ch. 16 - In Exhibit 12, if the interest rate falls from i1...Ch. 16 - In Exhibit 12, a shift in aggregate demand from...Ch. 16 - The monetarist transmission mechanism through...Ch. 16 - The equation of exchange states a. MV = PQ. b. MP...Ch. 16 - The quantity theory of money assumes that the...Ch. 16 - The transactions demand for money is the demand...Ch. 16 - People react to an excess supply of money by a....Ch. 16 - The belief that the velocity of money is not...Ch. 16 - The monetary rule is the view of the a. Keynesians...Ch. 16 - Which of the following statements is true? a....

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