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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Which of the following can be classified as a prerenal condition?

1. Heart failure

2. Intratubular obstruction

3. Bladder outlet obstruction

4. Hypovolemia

A. 2 only

B. 4 only

C. 2 and 3 only

D. 1 and 4 only

Summary Introduction

Introduction:

The renal conditions are the disorders of the kidneys. They are usually because of congenital disorders, neoplasms, infections, obstructions, and inflammation. The renal disorders are classified according to the anatomic setup of the kidneys into prerenal, renal, and postrenal conditions. Prerenal conditions are the abnormal conditions in which the blood flow to the kidneys is impaired.

Explanation

Explanation/justification for the correct answer:

Option (d) is, ‘1 and 4 only’ that is hypovolemia and heart failure can be classified as prerenal conditions. Hypovolemia is a condition where body fluid decreases, in turn, signifying that the blood volume decreases and, in the heart attack, the blood flow is hampered and, hence, these conditions lead to impaired blood flow to the kidneys and thus are prerenal. So, option (d) is correct.

Explanation for incorrect answer: s

Option (a) is, ‘2 only’ that is intra-tubular obstruction only. Intratubular obstruction is the cause of acute and chronic renal failure and thus cannot be classified as a prerenal condition...

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