Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007



Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

What nutrition-related concerns develop as a result of having HIV?

Summary Introduction

To discuss: Nutrition-related concerns caused due to HIV infection.

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system of a body and causes HIV infection. The HIV infection initially displays flu-like symtoms but later it gets transformed into an asymptomatic disease, as it progresses and leads to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS refers to set of symtoms and illnesses that happens if the HIV infection is untreated. No pharmacological cure of AIDS is available yet, but for people with HIV, strict adherence to effective and balanced nutritional plans can slow down the progression and illnesses by sustaining the immune system.


In a person infected with HIV, the deficit in the immune system response to the virus causes multiple alarms that serve as a nutritional concern. The occurrence of such concerns is primarily because of various factors related to increased energy demands in the body. The nutrition-related concerns are addressed below:

  1. 1) Demand of macronutrients and micronutrients increases during this period.
  2. 2) Decline in the function of immune system, altered metabolism, and absorption in body. Nutrient malabsorption occurs due to changes in gut and gastrointestinal pathogens.
  3. 3) Body weight management that is associated with a person’s ability to survive with HIV disease...

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