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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Natives who have been True ________False________at high altitudes for generations commonly demonstrate a mild respiratory alkalosis.

Summary Introduction

To review:

Whether the following statement, “Natives who have been at high altitudes for generations commonly demonstrate a mild respiratory alkalosis,” is true or false.

Introduction:

Respiratory alkalosis is a condition in which an increased level of respiration enhances the pH level of the blood more than the normal range (7.35 to 7.45), with a simultaneous decrease in the carbon dioxide levels in the arteries.

Explanation

The partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide reduces, which leads to respiratory alkalosis due to the enhanced ventilation caused by the peripheral sensory receptors at higher altitudes. Owing to the higher ventilation rate at higher altitudes caused by the peripheral receptors, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the arterial circulation decreases, thus causing a mild level of respiratory alkalosis. In 24–48 hours, the renal system of the body tries to counterbalance the condition of respiratory alkalosis by removing some amount of excess bicarbonates...

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