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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

________ Although the incidence of neural tube defects in the United States declined post-folic acid fortification, some women are still at risk. Which of the following options represents a risk group for inadequate folate status and a neural tube defect affected pregnancy?

  1. a. Non-Hispanic Black women
  2. b. Non-Hispanic White women
  3. c. Asian Americans
  4. d. Hispanic Americans

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Folic acid (or folate) is a B vitamin (B9). It helps in the formation of red blood cells. It is also essential for the production, functioning, and repair of DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) and prevents anemia. Prior to conception, the folate status is an important concern because low folate level in early pregnancy can directly affect the fetal growth and lead to neural tube defect cases, such as spina bifida. Its consumption during or prior to pregnancy in an adequate amount can reduce the baby’s risk of serious neural tube defects.

Explanation

Reason for the correct statement:

Option d. is given as “Hispanic Americans”.

Hispanic Americans are at high risk for inadequate folate status and neural tube defect-affected pregnancy because after post-folic acid fortification, it was observed that the Hispanic Americans (especially women from Central America and Mexico) are still showing the incidence of neural tube defects. It is due to a low intake of folic acid supplementation.

Hence, option d. is the correct answer.

Reasons for the incorrect statements:

Option a. is given as “Non-Hispanic Black women”.

After post-folic acid fortification, it was found that Non-Hispanic Black women overcome from folic acid deficiency and reported a minimum number of cases of neural tube defects...

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